Types of Bacteria Present in Milk Essay

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Types of Bacteria Present in Milk The presence of these pathogenic bacteria, as you may have guessed, is a threat to its consumer's digestive health and may cause various types of food allergies. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) This microorganism can gain entry into the human body through contaminated food items. The presence of this pathogenic bacteria is a clear indication that during the milking process there was a lack of sanitary measures followed. The milk, during the process, has come into the contact with feces contaminated with this pathogen. E. coli (Escherichia Coli) which is rod-shaped and typed as a gram negative bacteria that is classified under the family Enterobacteriaceae. These are known to produce enterotoxins and cause gastroenteritis in their victims. Infection of E. coli leads to watery or bloody diarrhea and most of the time, is the cause of infantile diarrhea. Campylobacter Jejuni Campylobacter jejuni or C. jejuni is a Gram negative, curved and motile rod like bacteria. This one causes gastroenteritis or Campylobactor enteritis in the consumer. Alternatively, the illness is called Campylobacteriosis which can cause fever, abdominal pain, headache or muscle pain in an infected person. C. jejuni infection is often a cause of diarrhea which can be watery, bloody or sticky. It may also contain fecal leukocytes. The transmission of this pathogen in humans can occur from healthy livestock, chicken and raw milk. Research on C. jejuni shows that this pathogenic bacteria causes more bacterial diarrheal illness in the United States than any other microbe. Yersinia Enterocolitica Yersinia Enterocolitica or Y. enterocolitica is pathogenic bacteria that is typed as Gram negative and is small rod-shaped. The entry of this bacteria in the body of its victim can occur through contaminated milk and ice cream. The infection of the Y.

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