To What Extent Does the Pm Dominate the Political System?

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One can argue in many ways that the PM has become increasingly dominant in recent years. This dominance can be portrait through different theories e.g. Cabinet government; PM government; Presidential government and through a constant flux of events. Due to this there are PMs who dominate the political and those who do not. It is said that the PM is ‘first among equals’ within their cabinet, all important decisions are discussed in Cabinet, however the PM ultimately makes the final decision, this can also act as a constraint on the PM’s dominance. An example of this would be Callaghan who ran a ‘Cabinet government’. Callaghan used his cabinet to agree over the IMF loan issue, with two weeks of consecutive cabinet meetings to come to a mutual agreement. This shows that Callaghan a PM was not dominating his cabinet, but was co-operating with his cabinet ministers, this can be seen as a constraint on the PM power over the political system; Callaghan was not able to make a decision immediately. Another example of a PM who did not dominate the political system is Major. The Tory party and cabinet were split and hence Major lacked support; therefore he encouraged discussions within cabinet meetings. However, in hindsight it should be noted that Major and Callaghan both lacked a majority in the House of Commons and had to seize all the support they could. Another way a PM dominated the political system is by running it as a PM government. This is a govt. In which the PM is the key decision making person, for example Thatcher. Under Thatcher’s government cabinet meetings where usually dominated by her, she did not discuss any issues, but rather updated then and briefed them about what she was going to do. This style of dominance led to one of her ministers to resign: Heseltine over a dispute regarding British Midlands Helicopters. This shows that although a PM can
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