Last but not least, I would like to give examples and give my point of view on the word sociology, such as what does it mean to me! First, I would like to define and explain what sociology means to me! Sociology explores people and society. It examines our social institutions; our families, the state and social relationships like gender and ethnicity, to help make sense of how we both see and interpret our rapidly changing world. Sociology examines how our behavior individually and in groups is influenced by social processes and what that means.
Machinery took jobs of many people but it also gave jobs. There were two major changes that happened to poor labourers that the farmer’s hot new machines, this causes poor people to lose their jobs. Many changes happened in the textile industry. There were fewer jobs available because machines were used instead. This would lead to less jobs and people getting fired.
Social class is no longer relevant in modern Britain. The British society has often been considered to be divided into three main groups of classes, the upper class, the middle class and the working class. In days gone by an individual’s social class would affect their chances of getting an education, a job, etc. It would also affect the people who they could socialise with and marry, but is it still as relevant in modern Britain? Approaches and perspectives on the relevance of social class in modern Britain will be discussed.
Disability workers report that people with additional needs are more likely to be unemployed than those who do not have any. This type of discrimination in the job market can affect people with additional needs as they may live in poverty and cannot get a job. They are also likely to live of benefits and this can have a negative impact on their health and lifestyle. People with depression face many of obstacles, such as a lack of understanding about their capacity to perform daily tasks and contribute to the workforce. People with additional needs face many barriers for example not knowing the job vacancy exists because of where and how it is advertised if the job is only advertised on inaccessible online job boards, many people will not be able to see it.
As Strayer, Gatzke, and Harbison state in their textbook The Course of Civilization states “The basic trouble was that very few inhabitants of the empire believed that the old civilization was worth saving… the overwhelming majority of the population had been systematically excluded from political responsibilities. They could not organize to protect themselves; they could not serve in the army… Their economic plight was hopeless. Most of them were serfs bound to the soil, and the small urban groups saw their cities slipping into an economic decline.”(DBQ 2, Doc 1) What these men mean is the majority of the people (which were poor serfs) were excluded from political responsibilities. In addition, they could not protect themselves or serve in the army mainly because they were too poor (in order to be in the army, the people had to be wealthy) and the urban patricians saw their city fall into an economic downfall. What also led the downfall of the Western Roman Empire were the rise of Christianity and the large size
Houses, cars, clothes are able to distinguish what class status one is part of. For adults, class status is achieved through a combination of income, occupation and educational credentials. In some societies the structure of social class can vary from being extremely rigid, i.e. the caste system within India and the Hindu religion based upon inherited social status or how they behaved in a previous life (Karma) to vague, like in the western societies. Gender also creates important social divisions amongst societies and further divide the social classes creating even more divisions in society.
Interpretive theories study the relationship between power and the construction of social roles as well as the invisible collection of patterns and habits that make up domination, (Delgado &ump; Stefanic, 2001). Susan Kemp argues that the view of the world is dominated by the experiences of white western males often of the bourgeoisie, (2001). Within the social realm, the way we look at our world and those in it varies drastically. Two specific interpretive theories view poverty and inequality in different ways, but both on the basis of social construction. In these theories, things have meanings only on what we designate them to mean, without definitions they wouldn’t exist.
Therefore this can reflect on a student’s progress in both school and future life. It should be noted that social class is defined in various ways by different people. However, the meaning stays the same. For example, Karl Marx a sociologist, divided people only into two groups they are: proletariat, this being the lowest status and the bourgeoisie the higher, he saw this as the exploiters and the exploited. People belonging to different classes are not equal and may find it difficult to communicate with the members of other groups (Reid, 1998).