Saskatchewan Native Tribe History

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A Brief History of Saskatchewan First Nations Tribes Saskatchewan as a geographical area was over time home to many indigenous cultures. Social and environmental conditions forced human migrations across the Americas. The three main tribes were the Cree, Assiniboine, and the Saulteaux (Curtis xi). The Cree were split in two tribes, the Plains Cree and the Woods Cree. The Saulteaux tribe was also referred to as Plains Ojibwa (Curtis xii). Lakota and Dakota tribes were part of the Sioux. The Lakota and Cheyenne tribes were located just south of the current Saskatchewan boarder (Gabriel Dumont Institute 13-14). The following is a brief history of the first nations people of Saskatchewan as defined by treaties 2, 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10. The Native tribes of Saskatchewan were centered on the abundance of bison. The majority of tribes were nomadic but some more woodland tribes cultivated small crops. There are three main linguistic groups that are present in Saskatchewan tribes, Algonkian, Siouan, and Athapaskan (Dumont 2). The Cree and the Ojibwa were in the Algonkian linguistic group, the Chipewyan were Athapaskan and the Sioux, Dakota, and Assiniboine were Siouan. Before European contact Athapaskan groups were situated in northern Saskatchewan and to the east of Hudson’s Bay (Dumont 2). The Algonkian tribes were settled in the south central part of Saskatchewan and south Manitoba. Siouan peoples were living in the southern most parts of Saskatchewan and Manitoba (Dumont 13-14). The Cree were a large tribe of aboriginals that are well known in Saskatchewan and have a diverse history. The Cree were originally settled in the northern half of present-day Ontario and Manitoba but stretched across the prairies (Bryan 112). The Cree lived side by side with the Ojibwa and Chipewyan. The Chipewyan and Cree often fought until the Cree started to obtain
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