WINTERBOURNE VIEW The review found that there was a systemic failure to protect people or to investigate allegations of abuse. The provider had failed in its duty to notify the C.Q.C(Quality Care Commission) of serious incidents involving injuries to patients, or occasions when they had gone missing. Inspectors said that staff did not appear to understand the needs of the people in their care, adults with learning disabilities , complex needs and challenging behaviour. Staff who had no background in care services had been recruited, references were not always checked and staff were not trained or supervised properly. Some staff were too ready to use methods of restraint without considering alternatives.
• They did not identify, and manage, risks relating to the health, welfare and safety of patients. • They had not responded to or considered complaints and views of people about the service. • Investigations into the conduct of staff were not robust and had not safeguarded people. • They did not take reasonable steps to identify the possibility of abuse and prevent it before it occurred. • They did not respond appropriately to allegations of abuse.
Therefore it is thought that life stress and negative emotions can reduce the effectiveness of the immune system. A criticism with this study is that a cause and effect can’t be established because there was no direct manipulation of the independent variable i.e. the stress index. This was a questionnaire so demand characteristics were present meaning that they could have not been telling the truth (social desirability) or have forgotten. Also in this study there wasn’t a direct way of measuring immune function and is only an indirect study.
Instead of being written in an essay format as Pyrczak (2008) suggests, the two paragraphs contain information regarding the statistical findings. Following the group of statistics, the results section yielded a great portion of a case study which is irrelevant to the results of the study. Additionally, Lin et al. (2004) never referred back to the research hypothesis, purpose, or original questions in the beginning of the article. Overall, the presentation of the results were poor.
However this version of the verification principle has been criticized as being too strict as statements such as History, can not be seen as meaningful as they cannot be empirically verified by the senses, and it neither a tautology of all the events that have taken part in the past. The second part to the verification principle was made and developed by A.J Ayer. Ayer believed that with using the weak verification to prove statements you would be able to verify them in principle unlike the strong verification principle, which can only be proved meaningful if it is observed, or
Also the study is not experimental as the researcher did not manipulate the independent variable or randomise the participants to specific conditions. Holly’s initial aim was to find a causal relationship which would be linked to an experimental study although the design of this study is not experimental. Likewise a cross sectional study was not conducted as this method uses different
(2012). Role of the mental health nurse towards physical health care in serious mental illness: An integrative review of 10 years of UK literature. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 21, 193-201. Buhagiar, K., Parsonage, L., & Osborn, D. P. (2011). Physical health behaviors and health locus of control in people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorder and bipolar disorder: a cross-sectional comparative study with people with non-psychotic mental illness.
Richard claims that there is no central idea or theme to Hurston’s book, thereby giving it no persuasive, explanatory or call to action-like traits. I agree with Richard Wright because throughout the whole book I could not find any significant theme or moral, nor
Instead of trying to understand why Dax was acting the way he was, the doctors instead insisted that he was acting like a child and was unable to make the decision for himself. Even Dr. Larson went against Dax’s psychiatrist Dr. White in his words stating that Dax was sane in his judgments. They lacked any morality and the main focus of this relationship was not to adhere to Dax’s needs. These among other reasons that I have previously stated are factors as to why the treatment given to Dax was not ethically permissible in the sense of Dax’s autonomy. The patient’s beliefs and values should never come into question with this mutual relationship, which is exactly the opposite of what happened