Satoria Mckenzy Principals of Economics (Ref # 380267) Spring 2013 The Full Economic Impact of an Increase in the Minimum Wage Where minimum began - The history of minimum wage, what is minimum wage, the laws of minimum wage. The minimum wage has a strong social appeal, rooted in concern about the ability of markets to provide income equity for the least able members of the work force. For some people, the obvious solution to this concern is to redefine the wage structure politically to achieve a socially preferable distribution of income. Thus, minimum wage laws have usually been judged against the criterion of reducing poverty. Statutory minimum wages were also proposed as a way to control the proliferation of manufacturing industries.
It wasn’t until shortly after his death that Karl Marx’s ideology began to significantly influence socialist movements. Although relatively unknown during his lifetime he has become one of the fundamental economic and sociological figures of the modern era. Many of his theories and insights into the way society functions are still relevant in the expanding capitalist society that exists today. Marx was very critical of capitalism and the division in society between the bourgeoisie and proletariat classes, attempting to highlight the injustice and exploitation of the working class by the wealthy upper and middle class. Marx predicted that capitalism within a socioeconomic system would inevitably create internal tensions between social classes leading to its demise and replacement by a new system, communism.
Explain how TWO of the following individuals responded to the economic and social problems created by industrialization during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Jane Addams Andrew Carnegie Samuel Gompers Upton Sinclair After the Civil War, the U.S. had began to enter a period of prospering and development known as industrialization. Even with the vast amount of wealth it created, industrialization had also created multiple economic and social problems, mostly inequality. An entrepreneur such as Andrew Carnegie had responded to this problem by believing in Social Darwinism and advocating the Gospel of Wealth, where Upton Sinclair had attacked the corruption of industries and exposed inequality. A partial believer in Social Darwinism, Carnegie had sought to rationalized the uneven distribution of wealth by fighting the theory of survival of the fittest.
ECO/372 Learning Team Aggregate Demand and Supply Models The Keynesian economists would look at the current proposal of increasing taxes as a governmental expression of the intermediate approach to the economy. The government taking control and having the people pay the price for their higher tax bracket. These funds would be used to decrease the amount of money owed by the United States. The effects of the economy would be absorbed and educated responses would be to lessen those impacts. To increase their taxes would be appropriate and this would be stream lining taxes at a time when the economy needs a boost.
It set up the New Deal's fundamental strategy of centralized planning as a means of combating the Depression. Industrial sectors were encouraged to avoid competition. Selling below cost to attract customers and drive weaker competitors out of business. Which may have been good for individual businesses in the short-run, but resulted in increased unemployment and an even smaller customer pool in the
With that being said, while a minimum wage increase may lift some families out of poverty, they push even more families into poverty as employers try to control cost by eliminating jobs, displacing low skilled adults for more productive employees or shaving work schedules. Equally important, raising the minimum wage can have the unintended consequence of actually costing the working poor most of the higher earning accompanying their wage increases. A mandated increase may reduce government assistance programs, such as food stamps, Medicare benefits, housing subsidies and even welfare payments. You can therefore state, as earned incomes rises, public assistance
An Inspector Calls Essay Priestly’s main aims in writing this book are to promote the idea of socialism. At the time in which the play was set, socialism was slowly becoming more dominant but the capitalist views were still the most widely acknowledged. Priestly and other writers were appalled by the living condition of the poor, inspiring them to write plays in order to promote the idea of socialism, where the rich pay higher taxes related to the amount they earn, in order to help support the poor. This whole play shows the consequences of capitalism if it was continued, as seen by the start of the Second World War, shortly after the play ended. Writing from hindsight, Priestly implies that if the old fashioned views are carried on, events similar to World War 2 will repeat themselves.
According to this view, the root cause of the Great Depression was a global over-investment in heavy industry capacity compared to wages and earnings from independent businesses, such as farms. The solution was the government must pump money into consumers' pockets. That is, it must redistribute purchasing power, maintain the industrial base, but re-inflate prices and wages to force as much of the inflationary increase in purchasing power into consumer spending. The economy was overbuilt, and new factories were not needed. The common view among economic historians is that the Great Depression ended with the advent of World War II.
Undermine the self-initiative that defines the American spirit. Lack solid stances and clear direction since liberalists believe society is in a constant state of growth and flunctuation. According to Marx, workers produce more than what they get as their wages from their employers. The capitalist employers get the services of labour cheap but they sell the goods, produced by labour, at a rate higher than the amount spent on wages and upkeep of the factory. They appropriate this excess or surplus value by exploiting the labour as profit.
Research by economists David Neumark of the University of California, Irvine, William Wascher of the Federal Reserve Board, and Mark Schweitzer of the Cleveland Fed shows that that minimum wages increase poverty; therefore poverty reduction certainly shouldn’t be expected as a benefit of raising the minimum wage (qtd. in the National Review). One of the economists mentioned above, David Neumark states, “The principal sources of an individual’s higher earnings are more schooling and the accumulation of experience and skills in the labor market,” both of which are discouraged by increases in the minimum wage. Neumark, further simplifies this thought in the