Descartes looks at his wall and sees the illusions of the senses, pre-understanding and reason. Descartes begins to doubt and turns away from the ignorance that is being shown to him. Descartes doubt starts him on his journey to find his form of the good (the true). Descartes believes that it is important to study the self so he bypasses the teachers that are presenting his illusions as the truth and as reality and exits the cave into the intelligible world. Descartes is in the thinking (reflections) stage and begins to look within.
The allegory of Plato’s Cave tells the philosophical tale that on the surface is a simple portrayal of lone prisoners in a cave seeing cast shadows but scratching the surface reveals a deeper meaning that can be ascribed to various aspects of life regarding being metaphorically ‘blind’ and then ‘being able to see the light’. The apologue of Plato’s Cave depicts a group of prisoners held captive in a cave since birth chained to the ground and only able to look forward at the back wall. Behind the prisoners is a raised parapet along which puppeteers can walk holding up puppets. Behind the puppeteers is a blazing fire that casts light through the cave creating just mere shadows on the viewable back wall. Below the raised walkway is the exit to the real world or the ascension to light.
In Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave,” Socrates describes prisoners trapped inside a cave. The prisoners have their necks and legs chained so they cannot move or even turn their heads. The fire which provides a source of light allows these prisoners to see shadows on a wall in front of them. Socrates describes the wall as a “screen which marionette players have in front of them, over which they show the puppets” (Plato 479). Objects that move along create the shadows on the wall, but none of these objects can be seen by the prisoners.
Thinking that they were facing the possibility of a dream and not reality, they believed that they were unconsciously living manipulated by deception. Socrates, in the “Allegory of the Cave”, is not any different from Descartes and Neo who felt attached to a mastermind that computed or manipulated what it wanted them to do and see. Socrates describes these beings attached to the walls of a cave having their legs and necks fettered from childhood unable to move their heads, but only seeing what they were set or allowed to see, shadows cast on the wall from the figures passing in front of the light behind and above them (Socrates, The
When he gets out, he is astonished at what he finds. The freed prisoner is very confused and blinded by the light so he decides to return to the cave. When the prisoner returns to the cave, he shares what he saw in the real world with the other prisoners. The remaining prisoners treat the freed prisoner like he is crazy and they tell the freed prisoner that the real-world does not exist. The prisoners in the cave do not believe in the real-world because the cave is all they know exists.
The initial problem the prisoners experience is their belief in the actuality of these shadows as objects in and of themselves. They believe the things they see on the wall are real, as they are, leading one to reference the prisoners games. The identification and games of prediction are rooted in a misguided foundation. The prisoners, think they are naming objects and predicting the order in which they appear, but Socrates points out the fact that their reality is limited to the shadows, they know nothing of the real cause of the
Explain Plato's Analogy of the Cave Plato was a dualist, he believed there are two worlds, the world of the Forms and the world of Appearances. 'The Analogy of the Cave' portrays humans stuck in a 'world of appearances'. It depicts a cave in which there are prisoners who have been chained up since birth so they can only see in front of them. The prisoners have their back to a curtain, behind the curtain there is a road and further behind that and higher up in the cave is a fire. People walk alond the road carrying various objects such as models of animals on poles.
human beings living in a underground cave, which has a mouth open towards the light and reaching all along the cave; here they have been from their childhood, and have their legs and necks chained so that they cannot move, and can only see before them, being prevented by the chains from turning round their heads. Above and behind them a fire is blazing at a distance, and between the fire and the prisoners there is a raised way; and you will see, if you look, a low wall built along the way, like the screen which marionette players have in front of them, over which they show the puppets.”(1112). These prisoners have been chained since childhood, and are being asked by their teacher or person who is controlling the puppets to look towards the light. A puppet is a small figure of
In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, Plato describes a group of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. The people watch shadows projected on the wall by things passing in front of a fire behind them, and begin to believe that the shadows are the real form of the objects. These people are blind to what reality is and what is truly out there. This is much like in the matrix where Morpheus presents Neo with the truth about his world by shedding light on the dark secrets that have troubled him. Similarly to the people in Plato’s Allegory of the cave and the matrix, we as humans in the modern world have also been kept shielded from what is true.
Philosophy and Ethics AS level 1 (a) Explain the Analogy of the Cave in Plato's Republic  (b)'The Analogy of the Cave tells us nothing about reality.' Discuss.  (a) The allegory of the cave in Plato's Republic is one of three similes used by Plato to explain his theory of forms; however this is not its only use. It also gives us ideas about reality. the main features of this analogy are a group of prisoners who have been in the cave all their lives, they are shown shadows on a wall which is being cast by objects being placed in front of a fire and then one of the prisoners is set free and leaves discovering that his idea of reality has changed.