Outline and evaluate the explanation of the Learning Theory The learning theory is model that suggests that attachment is learnt as a result of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Food (Unconditioned stimulus) naturally produces a sense of pleasure (Unconditioned response) in the infant. As the mother continually provides the baby with food, she becomes the feeder and as the association between the two occurs. Classical conditioning occurs when food (conditioned stimulus) becomes associated with the mother which causes pleasure now becomes a conditioned response. The association between the mother and a sense of pleasure is the attachment bond.
Another field of psychological research is cognitive psychology, which studies the processes of thought and knowledge. Research has shown that a person judges a food’s edibility on just the idea of it. For example, if something looks repulsive, but is still edible, most humans will reject that food. This psychology field offers an explanation as to why humans will not eat foods that sound or look disgusting to them despite the fact that they are edible. These three fields of psychology each offer an excellent explanation as to how humans decide what is
The focus is on the nutritional quality of the food offered. Government intervention would be beneficial in ensuring that the schools are providing well balanced foods while offering good education for the students that they take home and share with their families on how to eat better. Quality foods can lead to a healthy mind and body, healthy minds and bodies can lead to a better education. The three major features of my audience are, first, they are a mass of people that can lead to change in decisions; second, the current view on this topic, and the third is awareness. The question that is, do we need a change?
The Two Gorillas/Monkeys There once lived 2 Gorillas in Wrasman Land. Both gorillas had jobs at the monkey mine in Papaya Land, where they mined bananas. They were good friends and both loved to drink fine wines and would spend all their money on alcohol on payday. One day, both monkeys came to the point where their wives divorced them and took what little money was left in their bank accounts. The first monkey, Ming, decided that this could not continue and started to change his style of life.
Behaviourists believe that all behaviour is gained through conditioning. Firstly, classical conditioning claims that infants become attached to the person who feeds them or gives them pleasure, as food (the unconditioned stimulus) produces a sense of pleasure (unconditioned response). The food then becomes associated with the ‘feeder’ that then becomes a conditioned stimulus also producing a sense of pleasure. Secondly, operant conditioning (Dollard and Miller 1950) is used to integrate the perception of mental states. When an infant is hungry, this is uncomfortable and this creates a drive to reduce the discomfort.
The last time he pulled a trick in class he got kicked out and sent back to the cave where all the monkeys were; but anyway it’s good to have a brave leader. Another reason is that he is very generous. Usually his risky actions are for his monkey people to be safe. Like he went to Master Subhodi to learn how to be immortal, but he also did it for his monkeys to also live forever. Because if you could live forever you would want some friends with you, right?
That is no life for such an intelligent animal. Don’t get me wrong though, the Bronx Zoo has definitely improved since 1906 when they put Ota Benga, a 4 foot 11 inch, 103 pound African man, on display in the monkey pen. This poor man was captured from the Mbuti Pygmy tribe in Africa. At the age of 23 he was shown around and if even referred to as a human, he was referred to as a boy because of his small stature. Being kept up in a cage his entire life, Benga began to become extremely depressed.
It will remind you of your ideal self, your future plans and your past successes. You are now free from the frustrating cycle that has caused you so much distress and weight gain. From this time onward, you will eat only when you are sure that you need re-fuelling. You will now begin to satisfy yourself in many new and more interesting and fulfilling ways. From now on, you eat to sustain yourself … You “eat to live”, and not “live to eat”, that is all part of the past … You now get enjoyment from other things rather than just food … You find that doing healthy fun things, brings you enjoyment … Eating is just something that you do to get energy so you can continue doing the things you enjoy You are in control of yourself now and are taking the first step at controlling your eating habits … right now … Take control … Eat healthier … And attain your goal weight.
Operant Conditioning This technique is based upon the belief that a positive reinforcement will encourage a desirable behavior. In this technique, the patient will be given some positive reinforcement whenever a desirable behavior is performed. Such as in the case of the eating disorder, the patient is put in a barren room. Whenever the patient is willing to eat and his/her weight is found to be increasing, he/she will get a reward such as visit from people, TV, music, etc. This technique is also used in child education.
Attachment is a strong, emotional, reciprocal bond between two people, especially child and carer. Attachment serves three main purposes these are that it is essential for; a child’s survival, a child’s emotional stability throughout his/her life and the stability of a child’s future relationships One explanation of attachment is the learning theory. This theory explains that an attachment is something that is learnt (nurture). Behaviourists came up with the theory that attachment is either learnt through classical conditioning or operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is learning through association; food is an unconditioned stimulus and provides pleasure, which is an unconditioned response.