Fight for Native Title: Mabo’s case triumphs Mabo v Queensland (no.2) 1992 On June 3rd 1992, five Murray Islanders home to the Torres Strait Islands in Australia held a legal action against the Government of Queensland in order to claim recognition of the rights to the use, enjoyment and occupancy of their traditional land which had been stolen off them prior to the annexation by the defending government. The judgments made by the High Court of Australia, initiated the legal doctrine of ‘native title’ into the Australian law, which was in favour of the plaintiffs bringing the case to court. This recognized that the Indigenous Australians did in fact have ownership to the possession of the land that was referred to as “terra nullius”, nobody’s
Linking back to one of the first points raised, this is quite similar to the mateship the ANZACs showed during WWI and continued well after WWII. This once again impacts the audience to believe that mateship is a part of Australian identity no matter what class you come/originate
providing Aboriginal University scholarships. The Mabo Decision in 1993 played a vital role in policy change by overturning the notion of terra nullius and the subsequent “Aboriginal Land Rights Policy” allowed the claim of the land that the Aboriginal people have maintained a constant spiritual tie to. The Wik decision in 1996 also enforced this issue by proving that Aboriginal people and Pastoralists could co-exist in the Cape York area. Though John Howard’s amendment act in 1998 made claiming land more difficult, the right still exists for Aboriginal
In my opinion, I believe that Australia did develop into an independent nation in the world during 1900-1945. Through the likes of federal policies in 1900-1914, WW1, 1920-1930’s and WW2 Australia increasingly became a more independent country. At the start of Australia’s birth; the federal government had placed many laws that would separate Australia from the world in terms of how they treated the working class. We placed many laws like the eight-hour day and basic wage. These laws protected the working class and we were the leaders throughout the world to place these laws in place.
Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that are believed to belong to all human beings. Australia has many ways of promoting and enforcing human rights these include international treaties, common and statute law and the constitution. The effectiveness of Australia in promoting and enforcing human rights is shown through the way Australia has responded to the need for law, the way they have enforced the law and how it has protected individual rights The Constitution plays two important roles in protecting human rights. It lays down the system of Australian government i.e. division of powers - federal, state and local and separation of powers - legislative, judicial and executive and it protects specific human rights, including
Bandler replaces the ‘country’ with the first person pronouns ‘me’ and ‘us’. By taking away the institution of the state and emphasising our Australian ‘commonalities she again reinforces that racial justice issues can be resolved if we work together. The use of statistics and factual information on individuals and organisations such Alex Vesper, Ken Brindle and the FCAATSI gives legitimacy to her speech whilst at the same time subtly
Case Study The topic chosen for this case study is reciprocity; in particular the underlying principle of reciprocity and it’s importance in the economic, social, spiritual and political spheres of Aboriginal life. This case study will first discuss the concept of reciprocity, then outline and illustrate how important this concept is in various aspects of Aboriginal society. The general aim of this case study is to improve the understanding of the Aboriginal worldview and therefore improve the understanding of current problems occurring between mainstream Australian systems and societies and Aboriginal societies. The concept of reciprocity in traditional Aboriginal life is very complex. It is a way of thinking, a notion of being connected
Photo: Parks Victoria Acknowledgement of Country In their rich culture, Indigenous Australians are intrinsically connected to the continent — including the area now known as Victoria. Parks Victoria recognises that the park is part of Country of the Traditional Owners. Disclaimers This plan is prepared without prejudice to any negotiated or litigated outcome of any native title determination applications covering land or waters within the plan’s area. It is acknowledged that any future outcomes of native title determination applications may necessitate amendment of this plan; and the implementation of this plan may require further notifications under the procedures in Division 3 of Part 2 of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cwlth). The plan is also prepared without prejudice to any future negotiated outcomes between the Government/s and Victorian Indigenous communities.
Once religion had become an open choice, Australians started to experiment with a wide range of beliefs. The growth of meditation and spirituality centres provides evidence of the change and regeneration of Australian religious and spiritual life. This form of spirituality is called ‘New Age’. New Age spirituality and religion are often inspired by paganisms and find awesome power that demands respect in the forces and beauty of nature. The number of Australians identifying with ‘nature religions’ increased by 130% to 23 000 between the 1996 and 2001 censuses, mainly adopted by those who rejected the affluent society created by the post-war generation.
The first document displays the hardship, courage and sacrifices which were demonstrated at the Gallipoli landing. The second document indicates to duty of men to serve and show their constancy to their Mother country, and also reveals forfeit and bravery of the young and old Anzacs. It is apparent that ranges of images were constructed due to such articles and documents. Referring to the AUS11 Documents, 2011, docs 10-16, Gallipoli landing symbolized a defining moment for Australia as a free and independent nation (birth of the Australian nation). It is also stated that, the Great War transformed typical Australian men from bush men to resourceful diggers, and from diggers to heroes.