Mba 604 Essay

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Week 2 Cases C4-4 and C5-1 Carlos Carmona January 22, 2012 Benedictine University C4-4 Please See Attached Excel Document C5-1 1. Which company was the more profitable in 2006? (Hint: Compare ROE and ROA performance for the two grocery retailers.) Concentrating first thing on a comparing ROE, the Kroger Company performed better than Safeway in 2006. This is because Kroger’s ROE was 23.9% in comparison to 16.4% for Safeway. Nevertheless, the ROA outcome of the two companies that year was very similar. 1. In at 6.4% for Kroger 2. In at 6.0% for Safeway 2. What was the likely source of that company’s superior profit performance in 2006? (Hint: Decompose ROE and ROA into their individual component parts.) When we find the answer to the first question we already know that much of Kroger’s higher ROE performance in 2006 is found as a beneficial effect of financial leverage. Here are the findings for question 2: 1. The CLM (Combined Leverage Multiplier) for Kroger that year was 3.720 (= 4.477 financial structure leverage X 0.831 common earnings leverage). In contrast to a CLM of 2.745 for Safeway. 2. Kroger has greater ROA performance at 6.4% in comparison to 6.0%. However they do have a weaker profit margin at 2.0% vs. 2.4%. Kroger overpowers this profit margin weakness by displaying quicker asset turnover at 3.171 (Kroger) vs. 2.509 (Safeway). 3. Which company was the more profitable in 2004? Safeway has superior ROE (14.1%) and ROA (6.4%) in 2004 when compared to Kroger (-2.7% and 5.5%, respectively). 4. Both companies have EBI/Sales margins that hover around 2%. What aspect of the retail grocery industry contributes to such low margins? We should explain that there are real amounts of complexity in the retail grocery industry because it is highly competitive; so many compensating factors contribute to the success of

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