Facts: Section 3(c)(1)(D)(ii) of FIFRA authorizes EPA to consider certain previously submitted data only if the "follow-on" and registrant has offered to compensate the original registrant for use of the data. The legislation provides for binding arbitration. However, if the registrants fail to agree on compensation, the arbitrator's decision is subject to judicial review only for "fraud, misrepresentation, or other misconduct." The manufacturing firms engaged in the development and marketing of chemicals used in pesticides, appealed the EPA decisions and began proceedings in Federal District Court to challenge the constitutionality of the arbitration provisions. They argued EPA violated Article III of the Constitution by allocating to arbitrators the functions of judicial officers and by limiting
Since the Walton Work Wear line is in the production stage, its accumulated development costs should be capitalized. The Carroway Cool Top has not started it commercial production which would allow the development costs not to be amortized yet. Also interest costs on loans to generate financing for the R&D activates of a product can be capitalized rather than expensed. The capitalization of interest would allow CCL to reduce taxable income in the future when it is more profitable. I would recommend that CCL make the above changes immediately so that the financail statements are not incorrect.
The objective of an audit of financial statements is to enable the auditor to express an opinion whether the financial statements are prepared, in all material respects, in conformity with an identified financial reporting framework of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. In essence, materiality should function as a cut-off threshold to determine the nature of the audit testing. Auditors should not reveal its materiality level to clients because clients might take advantage of it to deceive the auditors and make its financial statement better. When the Deloitte auditors are suspicious of certain accounts, they not only can’t reveal it but also make more substantive investigation into these accounts. Question 4: Existence: the
He and other New England traders were upset with the Sugar act because they originally made their money importing their goods without paying the tax. Carnes, Mark C., and John Arthur Garraty. The American Nation a History of the United States. New York, NY: Longman, 2003. Print.
Robbin Industries is jeopardizing itself by not properly reporting the advertising costs. As an operating company, they must understand the generally accepted accounting principles and adhere to them (Weygandt, Kieso, & Kimmel, 2010). (c) What would you do if you were Wayne Terrago? Wayne Terrago should try to report the financial condition and results of operations fairly and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles. As controller, Wayne should inform management and understand what is acceptable according to the GAAP.
Specifically he would like to deduct it other than as a miscellaneous itemized deduction, which would give him no tax benefit due to the Alternative Minimum Tax. Discussion and conclusion: Since Joshua’s damage award is considered part of his gross income, the concern is whether he can deduct the contingency- based attorneys fees. If the damage incurred in connection with a trade or business, than he would be able to deduct this expense on schedule C, assuming he is self-employed. Or he can deduct it as a miscellaneous itemized deduction; due to the fact that he is subject to the
It would be my advice for Mr. Jones to not buy the stock because of the liability of current and future tax obligations which Mr. Jones would incur from the purchase of the stock. Since the tax identity of Smithon corporation would have not ceased, it is not a favorable purchase for Mr. Jones. Ina a case where the tax identity of a firm does not cease not to exist, the tax aspects will remain the same and so will the existing tax schedule. So in this case it would mean that Mr. Jones would not be allowed to change the financial year to end on December 31. The buyer in cases where he can’t change the legal entity is in a non -benefice situation, the buyer is limited to follow the current tax basis on the company’s assets even if the buyer paid more for the
An corporations liability is limited to its assects, so the owner or the shareholders are protected from personal claims unless they commit fraud. Now because Tom did not follow the law of an incorporation by having corporate minutes his company has commited fraud. The court will see a case of fraud and In my opinion will lose the
Suppose that Cornelius believes that Elliot is not a good hire for Pharma. Can he fire Elliot? Although Adams may have had the legal right to hire Elliot without the consent of the others, it was a morally wrong decision not to seek the consent of the other shareholding partners. As a privately held corporation which is small in size, the promotion of business efficiency is an objective best served by enabling the owners to arrange the organization of the enterprise as they choose unless such decisions are outside the scope of the partnership business which would make it impossible to
It is said that the “lack of security is the biggest threat to consumer privacy from external sources. Selling consumer data without the customer knowledge or permission is the major internal threat to consumer privacy” Marchany, R., & Tront, J. (2002). The concluding evidence of implementing a Frequent Shopper Program for Kudler Fine Foods demonstrates a few concerns to consider, the legal, ethical and information security issues. First, consider whether or not the data collected will pose legal ramifications for Kudler.