Edgar believed whole heartedly in his brother’s words. Edgar should be able to trust his brother, but instead, Edmond betrays that trust by lying. This type of relationship between the two brothers shapes Edgar’s sense of justice. Edgar has a very noble sense of justice. He doesn’t treat justice the same as revenge, like some other characters do (for example how Lear wanted to hang Regan and Goneril for how they treated him).
To achieve this, his plan was to trick his father Gloucester into believing that Edgar wants to kill him. Edmund wrote a letter pretending to be Edgar outlining a plan for both sons to kill their father and share his lands between them. He continues to lie to his father when he cuts himself in the arm in order to impress him in the battle he ‘fought’ with Edgar earlier. In Act three Edmund says “This courtesy, forbid thee, shall the Duke instantly know, and of that letter too. [...] That which my father loses – no less than all, the younger rises when the old doth fall: (3, 3, 19-23) after speaking to his father.
After Claudius had realized that Hamlet knows he committed the murder of his father, he decides to send Hamlet to England to his death, and orders Guildenstern and Rosencrantz to follow Hamlet, and he uses the method of deception by lying to the two courtiers by telling them that he is sending Hamlet away due to his madness and weird behaviour, but Claudius is really afraid for others to find the truth behind King Hamlet’s death. As stated in the following quote “I like not him, nor stands it safe with us to let his madness range. Therefore prepare you. I your commission will forthwith dispatch, and he to England shall along with you.” (3.3.1-4). this quote indicates the dishonesty that Claudius is showing to the two
"I am satisfied in nature, / Whose motive, in this case, should stir me most / To my revenge: but in my terms of honour / I stand aloof" Act V sc. ii. What Laertes calls honor is actually the desired vengeance, which he needs as a way to seal the death of his father and carry on with his life. Hamlet, on the other hand, acts, or better said, refrains from acting because of the conclusions he draws from his reflections and speculations. A great example of Hamlet’s complicated and elaborate ways of obtaining what he wants is the plot of the “Mouse Trap” for catching the King’s conscience.
In the play Hamlet acts mad. He is not crazy however but is merely pretending to be. Before he begins this act he tells Horatio and Marcellus what he is about to do. Polonius notices that there is too much sense in Hamlets charade for him to be truly crazy. Hamlet makes sure his uncle is guilty of murder before enacting his revenge.
Hamlet in his first soliloquy demonstrates his disgust that his mother has allied herself in love and in politics with her late husband’s brother, so soon after his death, “frailty, thy name is woman... to post with such dexterity to incestuous sheets”. Claudius is clearly established as the villain in Hamlet, murdering his own brother and then plotting to kill Hamlet. He lies and is deceitful toying with the notion that the appearance of things is not their reality. The audience is privy to the ‘reality’ of Claudius ‘deed’, and of his guilt, through an aside, climactically stating, “then is my deed to my most painted word. O heavy burden!”.
Also, while accusing Abigail of being a harlot in Act III, he throws away his name, claiming “…To Danforth: A man will not cast away his good name. You surely know that.” (P. 1259). John feels that he is respected enough to be heard about his confession of adultery with Abigail, and claims that he would not carelessly throw away his good reputation without a reasonable cause. Early on in the play, Arthur Miller uses dramatic irony to show that John Proctor is a
However, he has hidden his animosity towards Fortunato because he wants to fulfill his vow without placing himself at risk, since the revenge would not be complete if Fortunato were to retaliate or if Fortunato died without knowing Montresor to be his murderer. He maintains an appearance of good will towards Fortunato and decides to exploit Fortunato's weakness for fine wines. Montresor is successful by being vengeful, determined, and intelligent. First of all, the Montresor is vengeful. We become aware of this character trait when Fortunato insults him, Montresor has had enough.
Hamlet Act 4 Questions 1. When Gertrude tells the King that Hamlet is “Mad as the sea and the wind when both contend which is the mightier.” I think she is believes that she because, Gertrude explains how Hamlet was in such a wrath that he was carless enough to kill a person that was hiding behind the curtain one of which he didn’t know the true identity of the man. 2. Claudius’s immediate reaction to the news of Polonius’s death reveals about his character that he is selfish and truly only cares about his own life and not about Polonius’s life. But he is also frightened of Hamlet and he isn’t as righteous a man as he wants people to believe that he is, he as well doesn’t want his public image will be ruined by this.
This is where manipulation comes into the equation. He manipulates others to help with his actions because if he is caught he can just pass on the blame to them and continue to follow his plan to gain the throne. An example of his manipulation is when Richard manipulates Lady Anne into marriage after telling her that he had just killed her husband. The ‘wooing’ of Lady Anne is important as it links back to the fact that it is apart of his ‘big plan’. Secondly, Shakespeare creates the theme of deception through the uses of Richard’s dramatic irony.