Edgar Allen Poe’s intense use of irony throughout “The Cask of Amontillado” makes the story interesting and engaging. He utilizes dramatic and verbal irony in the story to capture the reader’s attention and make them feel sympathy for Fortunato. The constant irony is detected through style, tone and the clear use of exaggeration of Montresor, the narrator. From the beginning we witness dramatic irony in the story. The title of story plays a big part in deceiving Fortunato.
In effect this makes a true friend, however some believe it was the Fool's constant remarks that drove Lear to madness. Some critics argue that The Fool actually is Cordelia or a representative of her. Others consider him to be an aspect of Lear's alter ego. Technically Shakespeare seems to use the Fool as a vehicle for pity or as a dramatic chorus. The Fools songs, riddles and jokes are a source of comic relief, used to break up the intensity of scenes.
Fortunato was drunk and Montresor led him to his catacombs claiming that he thinks he has a cask of Amontillado, but needs an expert to taste it. To get Fortunato to go, he says “I’m on my way to Luchesi. If anyone has a critical turn, it is he.” Fortunato convinced Montresor not to get Luchesi by saying “Luchesi cannot tell Amontillado from Sherry.” Montresor also treats Fortunato like his friend by worrying about his cough in the catacombs, and he keeps him drunk so that he doesn’t think straight. Montresor is very smart and tricky. Lastly, Montressor is evil.
Him being drunk in this scene allows Shakespeare to develop his character both positively and negatively through an example of malapropism. He mishears a question asked of him by Olivia and ultimately confuses the word ''lethargy'' with ''lechery.'' Although the result of this is comic, it is also quite a crude joke and is an example of 'bad comedy'. This shows that Toby has a rude, inappropriate side to him. The reader second guesses their first opinion of him and sees a selfish side to him, as he is drunk at his cousins funeral with no regards to other peoples feelings.
After another small shift to the marketplace and then to the hospital, a quick change is seen as the plot shifts to the Interzone where the more striking Hassan enters. During this point in time, Hassan is hosting a savage debauch. At this ‘party’, A.J. starts creating ruckus and crashes the party. In short, A.J inflicts desolation and devastation.
Shakespeare uses the persona of Polonius, as a satirical figure and as a foil, to show what is wrong with the court of the time. Polonius is also the father of Laertes and Ophelia who are integral to the final downfall of the Danish kingdom. The tensions that arise from the death of Polonius is prevalent throughout the remainder of the play, and his passing sets the tone for the rest of the piece. The diction that is used by Polonius in the play “hamlet” is really what defines him as a character. His use of complex language to increase his intelligence is both farcical and comical in nature.
Although he is yet unconscious of his pathetic position in the real sense but we, the readers, are well aware that he is the sickest person in the whole Thebes. We notice that Sophocles has applied all the qualities of Aristotelian tragic hero in Oedipus Rex in a very efficient manner. According to Aristotle, “An ideal tragic hero is someone who is not preeminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity but by some error or frailty. He must be one who is highly renown and prosperous”. At the beginning of the play we see the hero as “Great Oedipus”, “wisest in the ways of god”, “king of wisdom”, “Liberator”,etc.
Quince’s pun, ‘for it is nothing but roaring’ (when in conversation with Snug) alludes quick-witted humour. Quince’s double-entendres are also amusing, ‘some of your French crowns have no hair at all…’ Quince’s repartee particularly displays the typical features of a comedy. Thirdly, the use of sarcasm and insults also enforce my expectations of the play being a dramatic comedy. ‘You have your father’s love, Demetrius’ is one example of sarcasm, as said by Lysander. His comment comes across as sarcastic as he is mindful, and perhaps jealous, of the fact that his lover’s father wishes her to marry another man - Demetrius.
The play Playboy of the Western World ends in comedy though it might have well ended as a tragedy. In one mood we may suggest that Playboy of the Western World is sheer extravagant comedy, with elements of strong farce in the resurrection of Christy’s father, and in the deflation of a boastful man. As such, it embodies the classic elements of reversal and recognition. And yet it is a comedy which ends unhappily for Pegeen who is unable to marry Christy, the Playboy. Another way of looking at this play is to regard it as a satirical comedy.
Over the years he becomes a drunkard. This character trait is caused by the cat because, “…wine is from God, but the drunkard is from the devil” (Matheson). The cat is from the devil because his name is Pluto, the Roman god of the underworld, as well as he is black. Historically black cats have been signs of bad luck or evil