Frankenstein- Cautionary Tale

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Frankenstein – cautionary A cautionary tale is a traditional narrative with a moral message warning of the consequences of certain actions. Mary Shelly’s novel Frankenstein is a cautionary tale as throughout the novel she warns the reader about the consequences of certain actions. These warnings include: warning the reader against the use of technology, the use of knowledge and neglecting people. Shelly does this through the use of literacy devices such as perspectives, flashbacks and dialogue. Shelly warns the reader about the power of technology. This is best illustrated through the changing perspectives in the novel. Early on in the novel, Victor Frankenstein is eager to use technology to develop unknown powers. This is best illustrated through the quote “I will pioneer a new way to explore unknown powers and unfold the world’s deepest mysteries of creation.” Shelly’s use of first person allows the reader to feel a connection to Frankenstein while the use of dialogue helps the reader to understand the motives of Victor. The combination of these two techniques establishes the point in which Shelly has made that Victor was doing something beneficial for the world. This perspective on his project changes once the monster is created through the use of technology. This is shown when Victor says “Never will I create someone like you equal in deformity and wickedness.” Shelly’s use of first person once again evokes a connection with the reader whilst the use of the nouns “deformity” and “wickedness” allow the reader to feel that Frankenstein regrets his actions. Thus, as Victor’s perspective on technology changes the reader’s perspective does as well. Shelly does this to warn against industrialization. This was a period where capital was used to make goods in a more efficient way. Shelly through the use of changing perspectives, cautions the reader that technology
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