Concept Identifications Set 1 In the Lord-Thane relationship, the lord is usually a king, who acts as a parent, protector, and provider for the people. The Thane, or subjects, is known as the people who live under and support the king by supplying food and loyalty. If the king wanted loyalty, he had to earn it from the people by showing them he was worthy of it. The relationship is family oriented. This applies to Beowulf by Beowulf’s relationship to Hygelac.
Lords and Daimyo (basically the same status) built castles for protection, and both the Knights and Samurai were depended on for military service by great landowners. Feudalism in Europe lasted from 800 to 1400, while in Japan it started in 1192 and lasted till 1868. . The codes of honor for both Knights and Samurai are different in that breaking these codes have severely different outcomes, though ethically, both codes of honor are very similar. Both the Samurai and the Knights have a duty to remain loyal to their leaders and keep peace within their respective nations. A Knight’s loyalty to his leader was generally based on a legal contract rather than moral obligation, like a Samurai has.
Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other: Bourgeoisie and Proletariat” (Marx and Engels 1848). Social class, therefore, is based upon economic criteria and conflict occurs between those who own the means of production (bourgeoisie) and the wage-labourers (proletariat). As well as having economic control over the proletariat, the bourgeoisie also have the power to determine the superstructure; the ruling class can distort perceptions of the world and hide the true nature of social relationships and the exploitation of the proletariat and, above all, promote bourgeoisie interests. Marx defines production as workers selling their labour for wages in order to exchange money for commodities that will meet their most basic needs. As Marx
The intentions of both the encomienda system and system of Russian serfdom were the same, however, they differed in the foundation and functionality. Russian serfdom and the Spanish Encomienda system had many similarities. They were both systems of forced labor in which work was demanded from lower status people. Spanish settlers in the New World, particularly in the Caribbean were in need for a labor source to cultivate land and mine silver. After the rule of the Mongol over Russia, many of the free peasants had fallen into debt and were forced to work as laborers on the large estates owned by nobles.
Explain why in the years 1906 to 1911, Stolypin attempted to reform agriculture. (12 marks) Stolypin attempted to reform agriculture for many reasons, one of the most important being to strengthen tsarist autocracy. He strongly believed that the future of Russia depended on building a prosperous peasantry. There was widespread rural poverty but an upper class of peasant that farmed efficiently and were wealthier, they were known as the Kulaks. Stolypin believed that the encouragement of a class such as the Kulaks would make them hostile to further change therefore more conservative and loyal to the Tsar as the Tsar had made them wealthy.
Marxism is a conflict perspective based on the ideas of Karl Marx. This conflict theory does not share the functionalist view that society is built on harmony and success. It sees society divided into to two opposed classes, one of which exploit the labour of the other. In a capitalist society the bourgeoisie exploits the proletariats. Marxist believe the conventional families are the foundations of capitalism it does this in many way; Private property inheritance, Marxists believe that all functions of the family are performed purely for the benefit of the capitalist system.
An excerpt from the emancipation manifesto states that landed proprietors, while they shall retain all the rights of ownership over all the lands now belonging to them, shall transfer to the peasants, in return for a rent fixed by law. The nobility and landowners still had ownership of their land, but by law, had to by law distribute it to their ex-serfs, at a fixed, non-negotiable price. The problem was that the prices set for the land were way beyond the reach of the poor and now unemployed serfs. As a solution, the government would loan money to the serfs, who in return would pay back the money in small increments over an extremely long period of time. Despite their freedom, the serfs had it better off in bondage of nobility, than the bondage of government, and then, poverty.
When examining differences between any two groups of people, it is important to compare each party’s social structure. Social distinctions boil down to the very character and culture of a society (Pessen 1127). The historian, Edward Pessen, is in this assertion, but his argument that the actual social structures of the North and South should be seen as more similar than different, he is wrong. The Market Revolution brought about social changes in the North that further differed Northern culture from Southern. In the South, the majority of families lived the traditional southern lifestyle of subsistence farming and providing for themselves, giving them a weak link to the market (Holmes, Lecture 9)*.
But their history is much older, originating in Elizabethan England. By the time the American colonies became inde pendent, the terms monopoly and antimonopolist were already well estab lished. Yet nothing was written about monopolies in the Constitution, and no mention was made of them in the writings of the founding fathers. However, several states felt strongly enough about them to prohibit them in their constitutions in the months following independence. Less than
The Framers devoted little time to the creation and also left it to Congress to design the federal judiciary. Since Hamilton was actually a Federalist and most of the other Founders were Federalist as well it is no way they could have imagined that the Supreme Court would ever have this much power. The network of people that Hamilton comprised to create the Federalist Party was business men and bankers. Federalist had an agenda that called for a national bank, tariffs, and a strong national government. It is very obvious from the way Hamilton Spoke in Federalist no.