Essay On Urinary Incontinence

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Urinary incontinence is a condition that presents in many forms and is a consequence of many etiologic events. In general, medical conditions such as urinary infections and diabetes should be properly treated and controlled to help with incontinence. Other measures are: • Losing weight if you are obese or overweight • Cutting down on the use of alcohol and caffeine • Taking in adequate fluids but preventing over-hydration Stress incontinence This is a common condition, especially in women after childbirth, in which urine escapes in situations such as coughing, sneezing or laughing. The best ways of treating it are summarized below: • Kegel’s exercises or pelvic floor muscle training, with or without biofeedback: this consists of learning…show more content…
The effect lasts for several months. If this results in incomplete bladder emptying, self-catheterization may be taught to empty the bladder fully. o Sacral neuromodulation: here a small electrical signal generator is implanted near the sacrum, at the lowest part of the back, usually in one of the gluteal muscles. The signals it sends to the brain interfere with the abnormal frequent impulses from the detrusor muscle of the bladder, which travel via the same nerve. Thus the bladder urges are inhibited. Some people may not tolerate this technique, but others report that they are cured by it. o Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation: in this therapy, the tibial nerve is stimulated by a very thin needle electrode near the ankle, and the nerve impulses travel up the nerve to block other impulses arising from the bladder muscles, and reduce the urge to urinate. It is done in a doctor’s office for 30 minutes at a time and requires 12 sessions. o Augmentation cystoplasty: in this approach the tissue from the intestinal wall is added to the bladder to enlarge bladder capacity. However, lifelong use of a catheter may be necessary following this procedure. Urinary infections may also become more
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