For aquinas, we were all made in the “image of god” and therefore the supreme good must be the development of this image. He believed in eternal law, divine law and natural law. Natural law refers to the moral law of God which has been built into human nature. It can be seen by anyone- we simply need our reason to understand it. Explain the strengths of the Natural Law theory Aquinas thought that all humans had INTRINSIC inclinations which led us to behave a certain way which led us to the highest good and by using our reason we can discover the precepts which further express Gods natural law built into us.
Since humans have the ability to think of a being more perfect then themselves, then this being must have planted the idea in our mind. With the knowledge now that God is existing, perfect and is a non-deceiver – due to him being all-good –, Descartes can now move on to explain why material objects
King Louis XIV reign of France was exampled by an absolute monarchy, which gave him the ultimate governing authority over his sovereign state and subjects. Louis was a believer in dictatorship by devine right, and viewed himself as God’s representative on earth. In Bossuet’s Holy Writ, he speaks of how, “Rulers then act as the ministers of God and as his lieutenants on earth, it is through them that God exercises his empire” (www.history.hanover.edu). Bossuet lets the people know that as God is the ruler of everything, he has a king who he uses on earth to rule over them while they are on earth to guide their decisions. Louis, in the early stages of his reign as the sole ruler of France, after the death of Cardinal Mazarin, showed strong determination to be a real king.
The Perfection of God’s Justice Dante Alighieri, the author of “Inferno”, created the idea of God’s Justice, and the idea that this presence is in reality a reflection of God’s true emotion and his theory on the punishment that the sinners in hell deserve. Not only is the idea presented in the inferno, but also throughout every single character Dante and Virgil encounter in the book. It is recognized that every person in hell committed some heinous act, therefore the punishment they receive is justice brought by God. By placing each of them in their rightful levels, or sub- levels, each and every sinner is brought justice by God for the sin that they individually committed. The concept of trying to perfect your godliness is punishable by God, just as being Greedy or Stingy with money, acting out in heresy, or even harming yourself by committing suicide, an action harming God’s creation.
Dante: Dual Identities It is commonly espoused in the Inferno that the Pilgrim’s behavior towards the fiery atmosphere is a result of the human emotions that Dante shoulders throughout his divine quest. His varied reactions to the spirits he encounters are construed as expressions of Dante’s private sympathies and prejudices. However, such narrow interpretations are insufficient to fully capture the cohesive role of Dante as the Comedy’s protagonist. If the Pilgrim’s association with the spirits simply mirrors Dante’s feelings, is it not odd that there exist striking parallels between his behavior and that of the transgressors? Furthermore, why should Dante be so explicit in the opening passage about the portrayal of the Pilgrim as a representative of the depraved man, unless his precise intention to portray him as such throughout the epic?
Descartes ontological argument is trying to aims to explain the existence of God in itself. Descartes argument begins with his own definition of God being a ‘supremely perfect being’. He then continues to question and bring out the concept that if something is perfect then in order to fulfil its attributes it must have the attribute and full ability to exist and if God is perfect then he too must have this attributes and therefore concludes, that God must exits. In addition, Descartes extended his argument by stating that “God is the most perfect being possible, so he has all perfections.” It is understood and known that the idea of perfection links into attaining the concept of existence. As the most perfect being, God must exist.
And Mathew28:18 say “Then Jesus came to them and said, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me.”. That means that the word of god has authority. And just like Jesus – the revelation of god - has authority that was given by The Father, so does the word of God. Next we’ll discuss inspiration. As I believe, we can define inspiration as a supernatural guidance from the Holy Spirit poured upon a person, and that influence gives the individual comprehension and make his writings accurate and trustworthy.
The primary precepts are a set of tenants that are vague in their interpret-ability on how they are to be executed. They are discovered through the use of reason and as such are 'Teleological' or only focus on the consequence rather than the action. However the secondary precepts are derived from the primary precepts and are very similar to the ten commandments or the 'Decalogue' (found in the Bible in Exodus 20). These are very absolutist and are therefore 'Deontological' which means that the cause for concern is the action and not the consequence. This is beneficial to a scoeity as they would be able to establish common laws and rules.
If you ponder over the idea as outlined above, you will see that the order was established by God. Thus the king was enjoying a God-ordained position which is known as the divine right of kings. Therefore, if the king’s position was violated, such as rebellion or assassination, it would bring strife and chaos to the world, simply because it
Through this arrangement or unity of all things, Heraclitus concluded that, “all things are one.” (McKirahan) In doing so, Heraclitus solidified his concept of unity in the universe and explained how this is possible through the constant interaction and balance between opposite things in the universe. Such balance is achieved through what