The Temple of Zeus, also known as the Temple of the Olympian Zeus, Temple of Zeus Olympios, or the Olympieion, was the largest temple of Ancient Greece (Temple). The architect Libon of Elis built the temple sometime between 472 and 456 BCE, during the Early Classical cultural period (Marie). It was devoted to the Greek god Zeus, who is considered to be the “father of all gods and man”. The structure is a Doric peripteral temple of 6 by 13 columns on a crepidoma of three unequal steps; it measured as a whole 27.68 meters by 64.12 meters (Olympia). A Doric peripteral temple is one that has a rectangular floor plan with a series of low steps on every side and columns that surround the perimeter.
When he arose he created the Sun (Inti), the moon, and the stars to light the world. Later Inti is also a god that is worshiped. He continued to create more humans out of great rocks. Some of them were men and the others were women who were already pregnant. He dispersed these humans to all the corners of the world and
Chichen standing for “at the mouth of the well of Itza,” and Chi standing for ‘mouth’, Chen for ‘well’, and Itza for ‘the Itza tribe’. (Famouswonders.com) It is believed that people were thrown from the top of the main temple as a sacrifice to make their God happy, and if you were to live you were believed to be a seer. Like most other Maya temple cities built in this time they were positioned according to the astrological signs. One section of Chichen Itza called Grupo de las Mil Columnas, which means group of a thousand columns and was used as an arcade. This area of the temple city spreads three hundred and sixty three feet.
The Sun Dance Nisarg Gandhi February 5, 2013 GNED172- Section 351 The Sun Dance The leaders of the Lakota Sioux of the Great Plains believed the Sun Dance ritual provided them with extraordinary powers to guide them and their people. What is the Sun Dance and how does it fabricate the Lakota Sioux's religion? The Sun Dance is performed in three different stages, each providing a step closer to the spiritual realm. The body is cleaned in a sweat lodge, then a pipe is smoked and finally the Sun Dance ritual is completed by performing a dance. The ritual is not as simple as it is mentioned above.
The pyramids are closely connected to Egyptian religion. According to Donald Redford, professor of Classics and ancient Mediterranean studies at Penn State, “The ancient Egyptians probably chose the distinctive form for the pharaoh’s tombs because of their solar religion. The Egyptian sun god, Ra…was said to have created himself from a pyramid-shaped mound of earth” (qtd. in “How”). In fact, Redford says that “The Egyptians began using the pyramid from shortly after 2700 BC, and the great heyday of constructing them for royalty extended for about a thousand years, until 1700 BC” (qtd.
Arts Essay Shiva as Lord of the Dance (Nataraja) I am writing a reflection paper on Shiva as Lord of the Dance (Nataraja), located at Art Institute of Chicago. Nataraja is made of Bronze with size of 69.3 x 61.8 x 24.1 cm (27 1/4 x 24 1/4 x 9 1/2 in.) Nataraja is derived from the Sanskrit words narta rajan means “lord of dance" Nataraja is a depiction of the god Shiva as the cosmic dancer who performs his divine dance to destroy a weary universe and make preparations for the god Brahma to start the process of creation. The sculpture is usually made in bronze, with Shiva dancing in an aureole of flames, lifting his left leg and balancing over a demon or dwarf (Apasmara) who symbolizes ignorance. It is a well known sculptural symbol in India and popularly used as a symbol of Indian culture.
“Bhagavad Gita” The Bhagavad Gita is a text from the chapter Bhisma Parva of the Mahabharata epic which is comprised of 700 verses. It is an extended dialogue between Prince Arjuna, similar to epic heroes such as Hector and Achilles, and Lord Krishna who is an “incarnation of the divine spirit.” This section of the work is entitled the Bhagavad Gita , the Song of God and is considered to be one of India’s most important documents of philosophy and religion. The evolution of the Indian culture and religion began when the Indus River valley was invaded by the Indo-Aryans in about 1500 B.C.E. The Indo-Aryan invaders were subjected to a highly spiritual and advanced culture. They shared their culture with the Achaens and Dorians of Ancient Greece and Rome but adapted their ways to those of the Indus River valley.
This essay will discuss the similarities and differences between the life of Mahavira, who was the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankar of Jainism (Lord Mahavira, 2011; D’Souza, 2007) and the life of the Buddha who was the founder of Buddhism. The path of priesthood they followed was similar. However, the way in which they sought enlightenment was different. Mahavira was born in 599 BC, in Kandalpur the sub-township of Vaishali. Vaishali is part of present day Bihar.
and 2750 B.C., However, recently Indian archeologists using the technique of radio carbon dating, are inclined to believe that the period of Harappan culture extended from 2500 B.C. to 1500 B.C. The Indus Valley contributed early cities of stone and clay. Also they discovered sanitary engineering and drainage system. Aryan Civilization: Aryans were the most illustrious race in history.
Cambodian Culture The Cambodian culture has got a rich and interesting history, dating back many centuries, and has been heavily influenced by India. Throughout Cambodia's long history, a major source of inspiration was from religion. Throughout 2000 years, Cambodians developed a unique Khmer belief from the syncreticism of indigenous animistic beliefs and the Indian religions of Buddhism and Hinduism. Indian culture and civilization, including its language and arts reached mainland Southeast Asia around the 1st century AD. Architecture and housing: The Cambodians drew inspiration from religion, and mythical creatures from Hinduism and Buddhism, that were carved on walls.