Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories

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Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Patti Arias University of Phoenix NUR/513 January 30, 2012

Concept Comparison and Analysis Across Theories Concepts are considered the first unit in the building of a theory. Concepts are ideas, thoughts, or notions that begin in the mind as either empirical or abstract. An empirical concept is something that can be observed or experienced through the senses. A concept not observable is defined as an abstract concept (George, 2011). This paper will describe a core concept that can be found in two theories and describe their commonalities and how they can be applied to nursing practice. Dorothea Orem's theory used four related concepts: self care, self-care agency, therapeutic self-care demand and self-care deficit, and two nursing concepts: Nursing agency and nursing system. Her theory states that nursing has special concern for the person's need for self-care action and provision and maintenance of the action on a continual basis to sustain health, recover from disease, and cope with the effects of the disease. Orem's definition of nursing identifies the creativity and analysis of information that contributes to the development of nursing systems to assist the patient. The validation of the requirement of nursing is that the person cannot maintain health and be free from injury and disease, and have the quality of self-care (Green, 2011). Patricia Benner defined nursing as a caring practice whose science is guided by ethics of care and responsibility. Nursing is concerned with health promotion and treatment of illness and disease. Benner identified nurses as practitioners central to the promotion of health and well-being of patients. Nurses understand the

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