Each small diamond states a different aspect of the care that nurses provide or the environment the care is provided in. These aspects stated include four Magnet components of transformational leadership, structural empowerment, exemplary professional practice, and innovation and new knowledge (Allegheny Health Network, 2018). Four of the other small diamonds include relationship-based care, shared governance, meaningful recognition, and quality outcomes (Allegheny Health Network, 2018). Lastly, the center diamond has the words patient, family and community on it, and this emphasizes that all these factors evolve around the focus of the patient (Allegheny Health Network,2018). An explanation of all these factors are explained underneath with an understanding that accountability, execution, collaboration, trust, respect, care and
Watson Theory of Human Caring Leticia Gonzalez University of Phoenix Theories and Models of Nursing Practice NUR/ 403 Caroline Etland, PhD, RN, CNS, AOCN March 29, 2010 Watson Theory of Human Caring Nursing theory in general is essential for nursing practice. Medicine has its own scientific basis; nursing has its own theories based on evidence-based practice scientific principles as any other science such as biology, sociology, psychology, etc. Nursing theories are practices that according to Nightingale, Watson, Orem, Roy, Rogers, and others nursing theorists, "it may enhance the quality of life of the public we serve" (Alligood, 2006). Nurses must act within the scope of practice with professionalism defending their skills; so that makes nurses to work independently, to be more analytic, to make realistic goals, and adapt solving- problem according to the evolution of society. On this paper it will present Watson Theory and Caring Model, application of nursing theory assumptions related to person, health, nursing, and environment in the context of the caring moment; description of how Watson’s carative factors that are utilized in the transpersonal relationship, and last personal reflection of my personal experiences.
Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions (Oxford Dictionary 2011). The ultimate goal of research is to develop, refine and expand upon a body of knowledge providing evidence to either support or reject clinical practice (Polit and Beck 2004). Evidence based practice is broadly defined as the use of the best clinical evidence in making client care decisions (Polit and Beck 2004), and is agreed to ensure safe practice (Sackett 1996). By giving care based on evidence, a nurse acts as an advocate, working to their Code (NMC 2008a), helping clients to access relevant health and social care. In this essay the author looks at the role of the nurse in managing the safe withdrawal of clients detoxifying from alcohol on an inpatient unit.
According to Watson (2001), the major elements of her theory are (a) the carative factors, (b) the transpersonal caring relationship, and (c) the caring occasion/caring moment. Watson reviewed the carative factors as a guide to the core of nursing. She used the term carative to relate to conventional medicine’s curative
APNs can facilitate the ability to practice both the art and science of nursing and reduce the chasm between theory and practice by using nursing theory as a foundation. According to Chism, nursing theory is made up of ideas brought together by associated expressions that characterize, clarify, and foretell phenomenon that are in accordance with nursing viewpoints (Chism, 2013). Nursing theory helps to identify what should shape the foundation of practice by clearly describing nursing. It is essential the APN use nursing theory in evidence-based practice, to provide better patient care, improve communication between nurses, and as a guide for nursing research and education. In addition, because the main champion of nursing, caring, cannot be quantified, it is crucial to have a theory to examine and spell out what the APN does.
Ethical Analysis of Nursing Care Caring for patients requires a holistic approach that identifies a not only a patient’s physical needs but their psychological, cultural and spiritual needs as well. Each patient must be viewed as an individual with unique needs and different levels of caring. It is important to understand that humans development cannot thrive without caring and a patient who is not at an optimal level of wellness is especially vulnerable to emotional comfort in this time of need. Lachman (2012) breaks down what is necessary for the highest level of care to be given and received. Elements of Caring According to Watson’s theory of caring there are three different elements that a nurse must recognize to provide such care.
The purpose of this paper is to select and analyze one of the many nursing theories that exist. The focus of the theory and its history will be explored. In addition, the motivational factor behind the development of the theory and the creator’s philosophical beliefs and values will also be discussed. Then, concepts of the selected theory will be compared to the nursing metaparadigm. The nursing theory that will be discussed in this paper is the Interpersonal Relations theory, created by Hildegard E. Peplau.
According to Rolfe (1993), nursing praxis is the “bringing together of theory and practice which involves a continual process of hypothesizing and testing out new ideas, and modifying practice according to the results” (p. 176). In contrast, according to Kilpatrick (2008), the main objective of praxis is to “integrate theory, practice and art, and facilitate the recognition and valuing of different types of knowledge through reflection” (p.116). This nursing scholar maintains that praxis is a combination of both theories. The integration of theory and practice lead to a continuous cycle of reflection that guides and modifies nursing practice. Nursing praxis can be utilized to develop nursing knowledge.
Critique of Virginia Henderson: Need Theory Many theorists have come up with conceptual models that tried to define and explain nursing, one of which is by Virginia Henderson (1966). In this model, she stated that “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or peaceful death) that he/she would perform unaided if he/she had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. And to do this in such a way as to help him/her gain independence as rapidly as possible” (Henderson, 1966). This paper presents an analysis and evaluation of Henderson’s nursing theory using Fawcett`s framework of analysis and evaluation of conceptual models of nursing (2000). The person as defined in Henderson’s model is all encompassing; it applies to the sick, the well and the dying.
This topic highlights the following objectives: Recognize the importance of understanding the history of the nursing profession. Recognize the influence of historical events and issues on contemporary nursing practice. Recognize the contributions and challenges of key nursing pioneers and leaders in the evolution of the nursing profession. Determine how contemporary and historical legislation has directly and indirectly influenced nursing practice and the education of nurses. Describe the evolution of various types of nursing education programs as a response to changes in healthcare delivery.