Case Study Cholesterol

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7/20/2015 7/20/2015 Unit 2 ASSIGNMENT: CHOLESTEROL: A PATIENT CONVERSATION Kaplan University Triglycerides are the main elements of natural fats and oils, and high concentrations in the blood indicate an elevated risk of stroke your physician will test for this while fasting you want this reading to be less than 150. Cholesterol is produced in the liver and makes all the cholesterol you need and circulates it through the blood and comes from foods that have saturated fats Cholesterol when fasting should be under 200 there is HDL "Good cholesterol" Ideally you want this to be between 40 and 60, but the higher the better. HDL transports LDL "Bad cholesterol" to the liver to be destroyed "Bad cholesterol" that builds up on arterial walls. The “Bad Cholesterol” or LDL should be under 100 when fasting. High cholesterol is due to lack of physical activity, diet, being overweight, high blood cholesterol can be hereditary, as well as age and gender can play a role. 1. Statins work well at lowering LDL cholesterol. Statins such as Crestor, Lipitor and Zocor work well at lowering LDL cholesterol. Stains are safe for most people, some rare but uncommon side effects can include muscle and liver problems. 2. Bile acid sequestrants such as cholestyramine, Prevalite, LoCholest, Colestipol, and colesevelam, Questran. Also help lower LDL cholesterol. These are rarely prescribed alone to lower cholesterol, but work well when prescribed together with statins. 3. Nicotinic acid such as Niaspan, Nicolar lower LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and raises HDL cholesterol. 4. Fibrates such as Lopid, Atromid, and Tricor are used to lower triglycerides, and can help raise HDL cholesterol. When used with statins, the side effect of fibrates is that it can increase your risk of muscle problems. 5. Ezetimibe lowers LDL cholesterol by blocking the intestine

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