Asthma affects people of all ages, but it most often starts during childhood. Young children who often wheeze and have respiratory infections—as well as certain other risk factors—are at highest risk of developing asthma that continues beyond 6 years of age. The other risk factors include having allergies, eczema (an allergic skin condition), or parents who have asthma. Among children, more boys have asthma than girls. But among adults, more women have the disease than men.
Asthma and its Effects Kimberly Hardy HS200-02 Unit 4 Capstone Project: Case Study Number 5: Asthma Kaplan University Dec. 3, 2014 Asthma can be defined as a respiratory disease that causes difficulty breathing. It causes the airways to swell which leads to wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Adults and children are at risk of getting asthma. This disease not only affects the person with it but their family and friends as well. Asthma can be caused by a combination of genetics and environmental factors.
In the pediatric age group, many children with Hodgkins lymphoma present directly in respiratory obstruction caused by a mediastinal mass as the first symptom. On presentation patients may exhibit tachypnea and various degree of respiratory distress. Signs and symptoms develop when the airway obstruction impairs airflow to the point of increasing the work of breathing or altering cardiopulmonary
However, the rash associated with fifth disease may return for several weeks. Return of the rash may be brought on by sunlight, heat, exercise, fever, or emotional stress. The first sign of the disease is usually bright red cheeks, which look as though the child has been recently slapped on both sides of the face. Following this, a rash appears on the arms and legs and middle of the
DECKER CLINICAL DATA BASE/PEDIATRICS( Student: Joshua Chilson Clinical date: 5/1/13 Patient age range: 1- 2 years old Admitting diagnoses :( include short pathophysiology) Dx: Elevated lead levels. Lead is a highly toxic metal that was used for many years in products found in and around our homes. An elevated blood lead level in a child is defined as 10 or more micrograms of lead in a deciliter (μg/dL) of blood. Children are more vulnerable to lead than adults. While all children are at risk from lead, children living in older housing and in poverty are at the greatest risk.
Secondhand smoke is especially harmful to young children. Secondhand smoke is responsible for between 150,000 and 300,000 lower respiratory tract infections in infants and children under 18 months of age, resulting in between 7,500 and 15,000 hospitalizations each year, and causes 430 sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) deaths in the United States annually. (California Environmental Protection Agency, 2005) The Smokeless…Campaign will focus primarily on decreasing exposure of second hand smoke to tribal members especially children. The information collected from surveys has identified the need for decreasing second hand smoke exposure. The number of children and adults seeking medical attention for health conditions related to exposure to second hand smoke is rising.
Inhaling secondhand smoke causes lung cancer in nonsmoking adults. About 3,000 lung cancer deaths occur each year among adult nonsmokers. Secondhand smoke causes disease and premature death in nonsmoking adults and children. Children exposed to secondhand smoke are at risk of SIDS, ear infections, cold, pneumonia, bronchitis, and severe asthma. Secondhand smoke slows the growth of children's lungs and can cause them to cough wheeze, and feel breathless.
The bugs dampen down overactive immune responses, which can lead to rashes or cause cuts and bruises to become swollen and painful. The findings support previous research which suggests that exposure to germs during early childhood can prime the immune system to prevent allergies. The so-called “hygiene hypothesis” has previously been used to explain why increasing numbers of children suffer allergies such as eczema and hay fever in more developed
During the 1900s the first epidemic of pertussis was noticed. It was a very common childhood illness. High rates of deaths were due to pertussis which is an acute infection of the respiratory tract. It was especially a serious disease in targeting infants due to their underdeveloped bodies. Around the 1940s a vaccination to prevent deaths caused by pertussis was invented and the rate of deaths lowered dramatically.
ETS is made up of the smoke that comes from the end of a cigarette, pipe or cigar called side-stream smoke. People that are constantly exposed to ETS are at an increasing risk for developing health problems related to it. Many underage children are regularly inhaling ETS. Since children’s respiration rate is faster than adults and they take in more air, if ETS is present in the air, the children can develop a lot of health problems. ETS can cause problems like bronchitis, pneumonia, middle ear disease, and asthma.