Fungi infections, there are several types of fungal infections. Superficial infections affect the skin examples of such infection are athlete’s foot, oral thrush and vaginitis. These types of infection although unpleasant and annoying are rarely serious. Superficial fungal infections are easily diagnosed and treated. Systemic fungal infections are when the fungus gets into the blood stream and can cause serious diseases.
Infections of the Eye BIO 1015 March 11, 2011 South University Online Eye infections can occur at any time. Eye infections are contagious. Hand washing is a important in prevention of spreading infections. Some eye infections include sty (stye), conjunctivitis, and keratitis. A sty (stye) is a bump on the eyelid (hordeolum).
But an injury can inflame the cornea without a secondary infection occurring. Viral keratitis occurs quite commonly and the types of viruses include: Adenovirus, which is one of the causes of upper respiratory infections. Herpes simplex type 1, and Varicella zoster. Bacterial keratitis occurs less often than viral keratitis. Infectious keratitis usually begins by affecting the outer layer of the cornea, but it can go deeper into the cornea, increasing the risk of impaired vision.
"Pink eye" (conjunctivitis) is an inflammation and redness of the conjunctiva (the layer of blood vessels covering the white part of the eye). It can appear suddenly or overnight. Pink eye is usually caused by viral or bacterial infections and is a common ailment. Pink eye is commonly acquired through contact with contaminated objects like pillow cases, towels, books, others' make-up. These objects become contaminated through direct contact with infected eye discharge or from hands that were not properly washed after touching an infected eye.
Also known to cause TSS (Toxic Shock Syndrome).Group A Streptococcus, this is a bacteria found in the throat or skin area. Signs and symptoms of impetigo are red sores that pop fast ooze for a couple days then crust itching, and painless fluid-filled blisters. Types of impetigo and their particular symptoms, Impetigo Contagiosa, also known as nonBullous Impetigo. This is the most common form of impetigo. It starts off as a red sore usually around the mouth region either ooze fluid or pus.
Identify the difference between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites The difference between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites is; bacteria is a one-cell micro organism that can multiply very fast; viruses are small cells that can only reproduce on a living host; fungi is a cell that lives on a dead organic material so that it can grow and get nourishment. Identify common illnesses and infections caused by bacteria viruses, fungi and parasites Bacteria staphylococci (MRSA) which lives on the skin can cause different infections with people that have low emun system Viruses hepatitis (A-E) is where damage to your liver means a virus can start and reproduce causing different effects to the body depending on what type of virus it is. Fungi candidiasis which is a build up of yeast in the body such as athlete’s foot. Parasites scabies this is where a skin mite is passed on by direct contact from another person. The skin mite then can lay eggs within the skin causing a rash and very itchy skin.
URINARY TRACT INFECTION PATHOPHYSIOLOGY: A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra. CAUSES: Urinary tract infections typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder. Although the urinary system is designed to keep out such microscopic invaders, these defenses sometimes fail. When that happens, bacteria may take hold and grow into a full-blown infection in the urinary tract.
A pink eye is the most obvious symptom of conjunctivitis, so the term "pink eye" often is used for this common eye problem that can have many different causes. A pink eye, along with itching, burning, stinging, irritation, pain, grittiness, crusting or light sensitivity, are all symptoms that provide clues about the type of conjunctivitis you could have. Contagious forms of pink eye are usually linked to bacterial or viral infections. Non-contagious pink eye can occur when eye irritants such as allergens, dust and smoke are in the environment. Coughing and sneezing can spread contagious pink eye by spraying tiny droplets from infected mucus into the air.
What causes it? • Chicken pox is caused by a very contagious infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. • It is an airbourne virus, which means it is easily and rapidly spread through sneezing and coughing. Droplets of water expelled from the nose and mouth of the infected person are inhaled by those around them • The infection may also be caused by direct contact with the secretions from the blisters. • The varicella virus has an incubation period of between 10 and 21 days.
Clostridium difficile (C. diff or C. difficile) is one of the worst offenders of bacterium. As the bacteria overgrow they release toxins that attack the lining of the intestines causing a condition called Clostridium difficile colitis; which is an infectious diarrhea. Many hospitals promote good hygiene practices by placing hand sanitizer stations throughout their facilities. Hand washing is the most important and effective way of preventing and controlling cross infection from healthcare staff. Gould et al (2013) stated the most infection is delivered to patients directly via hands of health workers.