CYP Core 33
Describe the possible signs, symptoms, indicators and behaviours that may cause concern in the context of safeguarding
There are four types of child abuse. They are defined in the UK Government guidance Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010 which are:
1. Physical abuse
2. Emotional abuse
3. Sexual abuse
Bullying is not defined as a form of abuse in Working Together but there is clear evidence that it is abusive and will include at least one, if not two, three or all four, of the defined categories of abuse.
Recognising child abuse is not easy. It is not our responsibility to decide whether or not child abuse has taken place or if a child is at significant risk of harm from someone. We do however, have both a responsibility and duty, as set out in your organisation’s child protection procedures, to act in order that the appropriate agencies can investigate and take any necessary action to protect a child.
Physical abuse is deliberately causing physical harm to a child. This might involve punching; kicking, biting, burning, scalding, shaking, throwing or beating with objects such as belts, whips, or sticks. It also includes poisoning, giving a child alcohol or illegal drugs, drowning or suffocation. Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of illness in a child.
Signs of Physical Abuse
There are certain signs that need to be acknowledged when suspicion arises that physical abuse is occurring:
* Any injuries not consistent with the explanation given to staff.
* Injuries which occur to any part of the body but usually in places which are not normally exposed to falls or rough games
* Injuries which have not received medical attention
* Reluctance to change in the heat, or to change/participate in activities such as, PE or swimming
* Bruises (usually in clusters), human bites, cigarette burns and fractures, for example,...