Ibn Battuta Essays

  • Ibn Battuta Essay

    4879 Words  | 20 Pages

    Ibn Battuta Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn Battutah or simply Ibn Battuta, also known as Shams ad–Din (February 25, 1304–1368 or 1369), was a Muslim Moroccan explorer, known for his extensive travels published in the Rihla (literally, "The Journey"). Over a period of thirty years, he visited most of the known Islamic world, includingNorth Africa, the Horn of Africa, West Africa, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe in the West, to the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China in

  • Ibn Battuta Essay

    1326 Words  | 6 Pages

    In Black Africa In Said Hamdun and Noel Kings book Ibn Battuta in Black Africa, it is made clear that the documentation of Battuta’s journey led to important contributions still lasting in modern day studies of society. In 1331 the major civilizations of the world were in growing and advancing at an accelerating pace. Prominent societies such as the Romans, Greeks, and Chinese had kept written records of daily life and culture. Ibn Battuta’s travels to not only known societies but the unknown as

  • Ibn Battuta Essay

    449 Words  | 2 Pages

    n Said Hamdun and Noel King's book Ibn Battuta in Black Africa, they point out some especially important contributions still lasting to modern day studies of society. In the year 1331 c.e, the world's major civilizations were in fact growing and advancing at an astonishing rate. Historians know quite a bit about a few cultures and empires of this time. These societies such as the Romans, Greeks, and Chinese to name a few kept written records of daily life and events. Accounts of these societies,

  • Ibn Battuta Essay

    576 Words  | 3 Pages

    21, Ibn Battuta left Tangier to make the hajj. It was both a holy journey and an adventure. The trip by land from Tangier to Mecca was a 3,000 mile journey across the coastal plains, deserts, and mountains of Mediterranean Africa. Even though the journey was dangerous, pious Muslim scholars made the trek to perform the pilgrimage and study in the mosques and colleges of Egypt, Syria, and Arabia. Ibn Battuta joined a caravan and spent eight to nine months reaching Egypt. In Egypt, Ibn Battuta visited

  • Ibn Battuta Essay

    808 Words  | 4 Pages

    THIS IS NOT MINE Moroccan native, Ibn Battuta, was an accomplished travel writer and chronicler offeringa unique perspective of the medieval period in the Middle East region. He provided a firsthandaccount of his pilgrimage to the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina, which he firstundertook in his early twenties. His travels however, took him far beyond the confines of asimple pilgrimage. He recounts tales of visits with Emirs and Sultans, pious religious men, richexotic cities, beautiful

  • Ibn Battuta Essay

    625 Words  | 3 Pages

    Saheel Qureshi Brown- Period 5 6/17/2014 My Travels around the world I, Ibn Battuta am one of the greatest travelers of all time. Throughout my life I have travelled more than 75,000 miles. My family was full of scholars and judges of the Islamic legal system. My family inspired me to get a good education as well. When I turned 21 I started my travels. Like all Muslims I first wanted to make the pilgrimage to Mecca, and then travel east to study with finest scholars. I left Tangier in 1325 and

  • Ibn Battuta In Black Africa Essay

    542 Words  | 3 Pages

    Ibn Battuta was an Arab traveler born in Tangier. He spent 30 years travelling the Muslim world. He traveled in Northern Africa, the Middle East, India, and Central and East Asia. Battuta kept notes as he traveled that showed his insights to the places he visited. This book detailed how he felt about the black African people he met their ways, private lives morals, and religion. Ibn Battuta lived quite a life and kept records about his travels. Battuta’s words were edited by a scribe by the name

  • Ibn Battuta Marco Polo Essay

    1904 Words  | 8 Pages

    Battuta and Polo: Recruiters of the Medieval Period Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta were the greatest travelers of their time. During their lives they gave light where there was darkness. They explored almost the entire known world and told about their travels through diaries to supply knowledge to the West. Out of all their travels though, Marco and Ibn had a special fascination with China because it was so different than their native homes. They wrote about China like it was a fantasy wonderland

  • Marco Polo & Ibn Battuta Essay

    286 Words  | 2 Pages

    iven the difficulties and dangers of traveling in the 13th and 14th centuries, most people on the Eurasian landmass lived and died very close to where they were born without ever venturing very far from home.[1] Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta, however, were very different from most people. These two not only traveled the length and breadth of the Eurasian landmass, but they left written accounts of what they had seen. These writings give us valuable insights into the Christian and Muslim perspectives

  • Ibn Battuta: Traveler From Tangier Essay

    456 Words  | 2 Pages

    Ibn Battuta may well be called the biggest diamond in the rough when compared to other famous travelers and explorers. Ibn Battuta travels exceed the distances of Marco Polo, Vasco de Gama, and Christopher Columbus combined 125 years prior to their explorations and yet he was unheard of, this is because his travels were lost to the western world. Until his travels were discovered in Algeria Ibn Battuta’s travels were unheard of to a mass population of the world. Even today, debates arise in concern

  • Journey To Mecca Essay

    468 Words  | 2 Pages

    how Ibn Battuta’s journey to hajj turned out. When I was watching the film I felt like I was travelling with him. The physical environments in the film looked very real. When Ibn Battuta was traveling from Morocco to the sacred city of Mecca, he sacrificed his life to go perform pilgrimage. He didn’t care what hardships he would face because all he wanted was to perform hajj. His friend advised him not to go because there was a huge possibility that he would die on the way there. But Ibn Battuta

  • Ibn Buttata: Three Significant Experiences Essay

    311 Words  | 2 Pages

    Discuss- in three paragraphs- three significant experiences that Ibn Batuta had in his encounter with different people during his trips. Culture shock is one of the more significant personal experiences any traveler can have. Ibn Battuta was not immune to these experiences, especially being orthodox Muslim. One of these culture shock experiences came about when he spent nine months on the Maldive Islands. His complaints about the women wearing nothing from the waist up went ignored by the locals

  • Essays

    265 Words  | 2 Pages

    Ibn Battuta was born in a rich family in Tangier, Morocco. His plan was to be a judge. After his studying, Ibn Battuta decided to make pilgrimage to Makkah for Hajj. Makkah was 3000 miles away and the journey would take more then a year. Therefore, Ibn Battuta left on June 14, 1325 CE. Fascinated by the sights he saw, Ibn Battuta decided to devote his life to traveling. First, he made two rules for himself: • Only to visit the Muslim world. • Never to travel any road a

  • Primary Source Essay

    279 Words  | 2 Pages

    April 5, 2013 History 1010 Primary Source Ibn Battuta on Mali This source was written by Ibn Battuta, who was a Moroccan traveler around 1304 to 1369. This is a novel of Battuta’s travels, and was meant to read to anyone. The primary source talks about a village in Taghaza, and his experiences in the village. He spoke of their customs and how the treated their women, which was a shock to him. I used the oxford reference to Battuta, Ibn to help me understand this source. One thing that the reference

  • Cultural Differences Essay

    1265 Words  | 6 Pages

    like during that time period. Ibn Battuta’s description of Mali not only says a lot about his perception of the kingdom, but also about his own culture and customs. The same can be said about Amerigo Vespucci’s essay on “The New World.” These texts tell underlying stories behind the actual words. They show the writers’ own cultures, what affect the writers intend to have on the audience reading their works, and what affect their works actually have on their audience. Ibn Battuta’s description of his

  • School Project Essay

    277 Words  | 2 Pages

    Ibn Battuta Ibn Battuta (Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Abdullah Al Lawati Al Tanji Ibn Battuta) was born in Morocco in 1304 and is famously known as the greatest traveler in history. He showed his intelligence early by shortening his irrelevantly long name to something much easier to remember. He spent 30 years on the road traveling many places such as North Africa, West Africa, Southern Europe and Eastern Europe in the West, to the Middle East, Indian subcontinent, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and

  • Marco Polo Essay

    492 Words  | 2 Pages

    Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354 Ibn Battuta started on his travels when he was 20 years old in 1325. His main reason to travel was to go on a Hajj, or a Pilgrimage to Mecca, as all good Muslims want to do. But his traveling went on for about 29 years and he covered about 75,000 miles visiting the equivalent of 44 modern countries which were then mostly under the governments of Muslim leaders of the World of Islam, or "Dar al-Islam". Near the end of Ibn Battuta's

  • Cultural Diffusion Essay

    1148 Words  | 5 Pages

    diffusion by definition is the process of spreading ideas, social values, or cultural beliefs to different ethnicities, religions, and nationalities. Though they may be from a different time peiod, the contrbutions from Marco Polo, Zheng He and Ibn Battuta have played a key role in cultural diffusion. For starters, Marco Polo(1254 – 1324) was a italian merchant traveler from Venice. Whose travel to Asia lasted him 24yrs. In which he traveled farther then anyother predecessors, beyond Mongolia

  • Https: //Www.Youtube.Com/Watch?V=Gcdfyqzelpm Essay

    1605 Words  | 7 Pages

    and what travel brought to the men and how the various forms of travel tells us about the medieval Asia. Since the beginning, Asia had a great impact on the world’s history. I believe without the contributions of Ibn Fadlan, Abraham Bin Fuji who was a trader and nobles like Ibn Battuta the world would have been different. Xuanzang was a Buddhist monk who fled from his Chinese monastery illegally and travelled to India and returned after seventeen years when Tang dynasty was beginning, later he united

  • 16th Century Religion Essay

    792 Words  | 4 Pages

    Muslims and Christians to seek conversion in Spain and Ethiopia. In the Mali Empire, Ibn Battuta built a mosque and taught the unique customs of Islam. On Friday, people wore white clothes and sent their boys to mosques with their prayer mat. The account of Ibn Battuta includes criticizing people in Ramadan for their sins such as eating dogs and donkeys that were not ritually slaughtered. It is more likely that Ibn battuta exaggerated what people did to emphasize the importance of prayers of Friday. The

  • The Islamic Pilgrimage (Hajj) Essay

    2383 Words  | 10 Pages

    century Islamic civilization makes great contributions in history. In fact within 1000 to 1500 A.D. this marks a period of steady and remarkable expansion of Islam as a religious faith and also as a civilization. With insight into the travels of Ibn Battuta a great traveller who embarked on a journey during this period with the main aim of accomplishing the hajj (Islamic pilgrimage) we explore economic, political and social events of this period and also the life of a pilgrim. At this time Islamic

  • Africa Essay

    582 Words  | 3 Pages

    the size of Ghana empire (replaced it) Doc 5: Leo Africanus( Muslim living in spain( moved to Africa( spoke highly of Timbuktu -Doctors, judges priest maintained at kings costs -manuscripts and books were written and sold for money Doc 6: Ibn Battuta- historian who traveled in Africa and wrote descriptions in a book called “Travels to Kingdom of Mali” -complete security in their country -hate of injustice no need to fear from robbers Outside Info: Sundiata- conquered Ghana +

  • Literary and Archaelogical Sources of Medieval Indian History Essay

    1444 Words  | 6 Pages

    book of travels by the famous Moorish traveler, Ibn Battuta. Travelling Northern Africa, Arabia, Iran and Constantinople Ibn Battuta came to India in 1333. He remained in this country up to 1342 and was appointed by Muhammad-bin-Tughluq, the Qazi of Delhi for long eight years. The Sultan, however, became displeased with him and was dismissed and imprisoned though after some times he was released and sent to China in 1342 as an ambassador. Ibn Battuta wrote his book in Arabic. His work is also primary

  • Research Proposal Essay

    733 Words  | 3 Pages

    1. Executive Summary 2. Background Information Fitness First is perceived as the synonym of fitness and is the market leader in the category across the UAE. In January 2006, Ibn Battuta Fitness First was launched to be the very first club in the country. It stands distinguished as the largest Fitness First Club in the whole world till date. State of the art gym equipped with efficient machines and training area, well qualified Personal Trainers, well trained Fitness Instructors, diverse selection

  • Africa Before European Arrival Dbq Essays and Term Papers

    829 Words  | 4 Pages

    of Timbuktu. Here are many doctors, judges, priests, and other learned men that are well maintained at the king’s costs. Various manuscripts and written books are brought here…and sold for more money than other merchandise. Document 6: Ibn Battuta traveled in Mali in 1352 and wrote this description in Travels to Kingdom of Mali. They are seldom unjust, and have a greater hatred of injustice than any other people. Their sultan shows no mercy to anyone who is guilty of the least act of it

  • Dbq On The Effects Of Islam On Women Essay

    987 Words  | 4 Pages

    wrote that women are imperfect, derived from the imperfections of man, and that if man were to correct that, he would destroy the woman. He also wrote that a woman’s surefire way into paradise was to please her husband. According to the journals of Ibn Battuta, servant women used to roam freely and naked, however they were confined by their family. Muhammad once stated, “Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?” This shows that Muhammad, an individual who’s words were left to

  • The Spread of Islam Essay

    1686 Words  | 7 Pages

    routes. Empires most influenced by Islam were those along the major trade routes of the known world. As these empires converted, a sphere of Islamic influence was created resulting in a nation of people unbound by political borders. Ibn Battuta, one of the greatest travellers the world has seen, proved the vastness of the Islamic Empire in his great hajj. His travel book, Rihla, documented the places he visited, the ease with which he travelled, and the welcome he received. He was able

  • Caring for Environment Is Every Musli Essay

    1638 Words  | 7 Pages

    simpler, materials are natural and even crude. Exquisite ceramics emerged from raw clay and textiles of unrivaled beauty that born from hand-looms and the hand of the embroiderer. Travel, although surprisingly extensive – consider the journeys of Ibn Battuta – was on foot, on beasts of burden or by sailing boat. Last but not least, in Islam, even the Earth has inalienable rights endowed by its Creator. Many of the already established Islamic legal principles can be applied within the environmental

  • Gauy Essay

    725 Words  | 3 Pages

    Benin, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, and the cities of East Africa. The use of captives as slaves, a practice common in the ancient world, encouraged later development of the slave trade. Quiz- The Islamic World and Africa 1. Which statement best expresses Ibn Battuta’s point of view in this passage? A Mali poses a major military threat to many of the other kingdoms of North Africa. B The ruler of Mali is both rich and powerful. C The people of Mali lack knowledge of the world beyond their own

  • The Mappilas of Malabar: Their Contribution to the Composite Culture of India Essay

    2717 Words  | 11 Pages

    Sthanu Ravi (851), which mention the land grant to one Jew chieftains Mar Sapir Iso. The fact that Muslims were included as signatories to the grant indicates the status in society at the time. The accounts left by Arab geographers[iii], especially Ibn Battuta, give a vivid description of the flourishing Muslim community.[iv] The travelogue of Marco Polo who visited Malabar in the in the last decade of the thirteenth century also gives us important information.[v] During the 15th century we

  • The Mongols Essay

    1076 Words  | 5 Pages

    kept trade routes safe but in doing so they also helped spread disease, which in long-term, added to the eventual decline of the empire. Finally, in Document 5, by Ibn Battuta, a very dedicated Muslim, talks about how competent the Mongols were at painting and how they used their talent to help the government with criminals; Battuta mentions how Muslims were honored in China, showing how he could be bias towards how he describes the Mongols, exaggerating their skills because of his hardcore belief

  • Europe Essay

    506 Words  | 3 Pages

    their tax rebates and training programs were so successful that cotton soon became the first choice for poor people’s clothing. Cotton was used for tents among the Berbers and Tuareg in Africa to the south of the Sahara by the 1300s (according to Ibn Battuta). In the 1400s Italians began to produce cotton for themselves at Genoa and other North Italian cities, though it never became ordinary clothing in Europe.

  • Whap Essay

    525 Words  | 3 Pages

    & Eastern Orthodox 1066 - Norman conquest of England 1071 - Battle of Manzikert (Seljuk Turks defeat Byz) 1095 - 1st Crusade 1258 - Mongols sack Baghdad 1271-1295 - Marco Polo travels 1324 - Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage 1325-1349 - travels of Ibn Battuta 1347-1348 - Bubonic plague in Europe 1433 - end of Zheng He’s voyages/Rise of Ottomans 1450-1750 1453 - Ottomans capture Constantinople 1488 - Dias rounded Cape of Good Hope 1492 - Columbus sailed the ocean blue/ Reconquista of Spain 1502

  • Sundiata- A Griot Tale Of African King Essay

    712 Words  | 3 Pages

    of being attacked can be said was very rare for this time period. Furthermore, this treatment wasn't reserved only for natives of the Mali but same respect for their belonging was given to travelers and foreigners who resided in the country as Ibn Battuta recorded in his travels through Mali “There is complete security in their country. Neither traveler nor inhabitant in it has anything to fear from robbers or men of violence”. To the people of Mali and especially griots who are vessels to their

  • The Monguls Essay

    764 Words  | 4 Pages

    has a distinctly pro-Mongol bias, provides a vivid description of prosperity in Qubilai's realm in the 1270s and 1280s. A similar picture is described for other parts of the empire at least into the 1330s by another famous traveler, the Moroccan Ibn Battuta. He described the flourishing cities of the Golden Horde, whose trade through the Black Sea was controlled by the Genoese. In the same period, a Florentine commercial agent Pegolotti provides a detailed description of the markets in Constantinople

  • Mongols Essay

    764 Words  | 4 Pages

    has a distinctly pro-Mongol bias, provides a vivid description of prosperity in Qubilai's realm in the 1270s and 1280s. A similar picture is described for other parts of the empire at least into the 1330s by another famous traveler, the Moroccan Ibn Battuta. He described the flourishing cities of the Golden Horde, whose trade through the Black Sea was controlled by the Genoese. In the same period, a Florentine commercial agent Pegolotti provides a detailed description of the markets in Constantinople

  • Mongol Study Guid Essay

    1522 Words  | 7 Pages

    northern China by the Korean Koryo dynasty e. Infighting among various Mongol groups 10. Who was the Turkic nomadic leader who began a period of conquest beginning in the 1360s? a. Muhamman Shah b. Ibn Pasha c. Timur-i Lang d. Ibn Khaldun e. Ibn Battuta TRUE/FALSE. 1. The Mongol armies incorporated the technological capability to make use of gunpowder and cannons. 2. Chinggis Khan was converted by Buddhist monks from China to the “Pure Lands” Buddhist interpretation

  • Trade Essay

    903 Words  | 4 Pages

    ruler of Mali, had such an abundant amount of gold found in his land that he was the noblest and richest ruler in the region. (Doc.12) Gold and salt were the most common things traded. West African Trade Routes were used for traveling. (Doc. 4) Ibn Battuta, a Moroccan traveler and Islamic traveler, traveled to the wealthy Kingdom of Mali and visited the Muslims. There he observed that Muslim women bestowed more respect than men and were beautiful. Their clothes were made of fine Egyptian cloths. Even

  • Ccot Essay

    1607 Words  | 7 Pages

    the Abbasid caliphate. Also eastern works were transmitted along the Silk Road thus inspiring Muslim and European scholars. The works of Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo become hits in Europe and the Muslim world because they opened the eyes of the people to the broader world that existed. Marco Polo actually traveled under protection of the Mongol Khan while Battuta traveled in the Muslim realm due to his being more comfortable in Arabic speaking kingdoms that practiced his form of religion. The station

  • Dbq on Success on Ww2 Essay

    856 Words  | 4 Pages

    with. DOC 3. Albert van Aachen, who collected reminiscences for veterans of the first crusade, 1096-1099 DOC 5. Marco Polo, a European traveler from the merchant class in the 13th century whose travel account was widely read in Europe. DOC 7. Ibn Battuta, a Moroccan traveler, pilgrim, and diplomat, in west Africa in 1352 Lastly, I will write about how far and quickly trade and disease travels. Document 2 shows that sometimes as the centuries pass, the trade routes get bigger and bigger. The Silk

  • The Malacca Sultanate Essay

    818 Words  | 4 Pages

    100 years before the Portugese Attack on Malacca, while de Barros, dates it around 150 years earlier. Gasper Cor'rea in his book "Lendas da India", records it 7 centuries before the Portugese conquest. Great travellers like Marco Polo (1292) and Ibn Battuta (1345) and the legendary Javanese Buddhist priest, and poet Prapanca never ever mentioned Malacca in their respective reports. However it is accepted now that Malacca was founded between 1398 and 1402 by a fugitive Srivijayan Prince of Palembang

  • Chandela Dynasty Essay

    3099 Words  | 13 Pages

    12th century. This changed in the 13th century, after the army of Delhi Sultanate, under the command of the Muslim Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aibak, attacked and seized the Chandela kingdom. • RUINED PILLARS AT KHAJURAHO • About a century later, Ibn Battuta, the Moroccan traveller in his memoirs about his stay in India from 1335 to 1342 AD, mentioned visiting Khajuraho temples, calling them “Kajarra” as follows: • Until the 12th century, Khajuraho was under Hindu kings and featured 85 temples. Central

  • Politcal Social Ad Economis in Mali Essay

    1074 Words  | 5 Pages

    different people and different cultures it hard to explain their society. It would be hard for these people to live amongst each other if they did not have a common ground. These people are all about their family. According to a great geographer Ibn Battuta this society does not permit dishonesty or unfair behavior. It is a strongly religious society. The people in the society always dressed stylishly. This still remains unchanged today. Malian society places importance interpersonal relations, and

  • Arab Food Essay

    1299 Words  | 6 Pages

    and the savory Arabic sauces called hummus bi taheeni and baba ghannouj. From the research that I’ve done, this dish was invented by medieval Arabic soldiers who used their swords to grill meat over open-field fires. In India, the fame explorer, Ibn Battuta records that kebab was served in royal houses since the Delhi Sultanate period, and even commoners would enjoy it for breakfast with naan; a type of Indian bread. The third part of the Arab’s main meal is dinner. Dinner is traditionally

  • Bentley Textbook Essay

    1848 Words  | 8 Pages

    India to observe his faith from the pure sources. Got lots of gifts from Buddhist ruler of Tirpan.Amassed huge collection of books and relics which he sent back to China. He received hero’s welcome by home! (even by that strict emperor) 4. Buzurg ibn Shahriyar- lobster guy. Wrote of Book of the Wonders of India. Tall tales- animals and fantasies. Hindu customs, shipwrecks, conversions to Islam. He tempted readers through vast wealth attainable by maritme trade (taught us about trade networks)

  • Mongolian Ccot Essay

    1421 Words  | 6 Pages

    so strongly to these laws that houses and carts, to where people store their valuables, have neither locks nor bolts upon them. A man by the name of Juzjani wrote that “no one except the owner would dare pick up even a whip lying on the ground”. Ibn Battuta described how while during travels in Iraq, two horses went missing during the night. Although the traveler left the country, soon afterward the horses were brought to them on their journey, twenty days later. Many pack animals in the Kipchak area

  • Apwh Ch 20-22 Study Guide Essay

    3826 Words  | 16 Pages

    of abstract painting as an artistic genre B. Use of linear perspective to represent three dimensions C. Representation of the emotions of artists' subjects D. Inspiration drawn from classical Greek and Roman artists | Ch. 22 11. Ibn Battuta was A. A Morrocan legal scholar who traveled extensively and recorded his observations B. The sultan of Delhi C. The leader of the central Asian kingdom that dominated all trade along the silk roads D. Marco Polo's traveling companion

  • Cathay Essay

    1679 Words  | 7 Pages

    China as Cathay (in a number of spelling variants) as well. The name occurs in the writings of Giovanni da Pian del Carpine (ca. 1180 - 1252) (as Kitaia), William of Rubruck (ca. 1220 - ca. 1293) (as Cataya or Cathaia).[3] Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, ibn Battuta, Marco Polo all were referring to Northern China as Cathay, while Southern China, ruled by the Song dynasty, was Mangi, Manzi, Chin, or Sin.[3] The word Manzi or Mangi means the recalcitrant ones, i.e., those who did not submit to the rule of the

  • Key Terms Of Chapters 19 - 24: Ethel Wood's Essent Essay

    1692 Words  | 7 Pages

    in control of the straight. - Prince Henrique Terms and Concepts - Ilkhanate of Persia - Nestorian Christianity - Sharia - Qadi: judge - Bubonic Plague - Yongle Encyclopedia - Hundred Year’s War - Reconquista - Renaissance People - Ibn Battuta: A Moroccan Islamic scholar who served as qadi to the sultan of Delhi - Marco Polo - Khubilai Khan - Rabban Sauma: Sent by Ilkhan of Persia to win allies against Muslims (with Christians); Met kings of France and England and the pope, but the

  • Constitutional Rights Essay

    1681 Words  | 7 Pages

    comparable size.[76] If the accounts can be taken as factual Zheng He's treasure ships were mammoth ships with nine masts, four decks, and were capable of accommodating more than 500 passengers, as well as a massive amount of cargo. Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta both described multi-masted ships carrying 500 to 1,000 passengers in their translated accounts.[77] Niccolò Da Conti, a contemporary of Zheng He, was also an eyewitness of ships in Southeast Asia, claiming to have seen 5 masted junks weighing about