How would the breakdown of the membranes of these structures affect the function of Joseph’s heart cells? The cellular organelles that have membranes as part of their cell structures are Ribosomes, Smooth and Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum, Lysosomes, Mitochondria, and Nucleus. The breakdown of these membranes of these structures affect the function of Joseph’s heart cells because the special calcium ATPases stop moving the calcium from the cytosol into the ER of Joseph’s cells in the cardiac muscles. Because intracellular calcium levels began to rise it caused the proteases to leak into interior of the cell which in turn attacks the cytoskeleton. The lysomal enzymes that normally are bound safely in the vesicles starts the digestion of the membranes of the organelles and the plasma membrane.
The breakdown of the membranes of the structures will affect the function of Joseph’s heart cells because Joseph was no longer receiving calcium in his cardiac muscle cells. The special calcium ATPase’s had stopped moving calcium from the cytosol into the endoplasmic reticulum of his cardiac muscle cells. The rising of the intracellular calcium levels caused proteases to spill into the interior of the cell, which then attacked the cytoskeleton. The normally safely bound lysosomal enzymes started to digest the plasma membrane and the membranes of the organelles. D. Both Joseph’s instructions he needs to repair his body and his predisposition for vascular disease are both contain in Mitochondrial DNA.
Cellular Metabolism Case Study Part 1: 1. Given the autopsy report the massive cell death in the kidneys, lungs, thymus, and heart indicate that the damage occurred at the cellular level, the parts of cellular respiration that occur in the mitochondrion. More specifically, the poison directly affected the mitochondrion and in doing so it suggests that cellular respiration was disrupted. 2. The cellular process that would be impaired by arsenate would affect the cellular process of glycolysis which occurs in the cytosol of a cell.
B. Assuming Joseph’s heart has stopped, what cellular processes and membrane functions are going to be affected by the loss of oxygen, blood glucose, and waste removal? Joseph’s blood flow will be slowed to his heart and brain, glucose and essential potassium ions may not be readily available. Since the mitochondria can be the site of most ATP production, they are referred to as the powerhouse of the cell, but can not function properly without energy. C. Which intercellular organelles have membranes as part of their structure?
When an organ is the body is deprived of blood, that organ (or part of it) will die. This is what happens to the brain in vascular dementia. The conditions which can cause these problems are high blood pressure, heart problems diabetes and high cholesterol. Leading a healthy lifestyle is important.Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD): is a form of dementia caused by prion which is proteins found in mammals. When these proteins cluster together in the brain they cause brain cells to die.
A human body consists of two functioning CFTR gene, and when neither gene functions efficiently, cystic fibrosis is developed, and hence has autosomal recessive inheritance. Inevitably, cystic fibrosis affects various cellular processes in a human body such as RNA/DNA replication, protein synthesis, and respiration.
The body may also recognize the altered proteins to also be foreign and reactions such as allergic reactions may occur. On the other hand, raw milk doesn’t go through this sort of processing. Raw milk contains lactic acids that allow beneficial bacteria to be implanted in our intestines. But with the heat in pasteurization, it tends to destroy these lactic acids and also enzymes, which are important for calcium absorption. Pathogens are also present in raw milk, but with a given amount of days, the pathogens slowly deplete due to the presence of enzymes.
Type 2 Insulin management Balanced Healthy Diet Exercise Conclusion A. Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by a high level of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin secretion and insulin action. B. Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes can be compared and contrasted in; Type of diabetes, similarities and differences, and management. Diabetes is a chronic disease that unfortunately has no cure to date. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition in which the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin or it results when cells stop responding to the insulin that is being produced so that the glucose that is in the blood cannot be absorbed into the cells of the body.
The genetic disorder I wanted to learn more about and look into was sickle cell anemia. The name of the disorder is derived from the type of blood cell formation that is produced in the body of someone who lives with this disease. Most red blood cells are in the form of discs, and are filled with iron rich protein whose purpose to to carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of your body. Sickle red blood cells are crescent in shape. Sickle cells can block blood flow in vessels of the limbs and organs.
Diabetes “On my honor, I have not given nor accepted any unauthorized assistance on this assignment and it is solely the result of my own effort and thinking.” Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. There are 3 types of diabetes there is type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Each have their own causes, risk factors, symptoms, and treatment. In type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system destroys the cells that release insulin, eventually eliminating insulin production from the body. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb glucose, in which they need to produce energy.