Joseph's Story

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Question B: Assuming Joseph’s heart has stopped, what cellular processes and membrane functions are going to be affected by the loss of oxygen, blood glucose, and waste removal? The cellular process that is normally affected when the heart stops beating is the aerobic respiration. Glucose begins the process in glycolysis and oxygen is required for reactions in the mitochondria. Question C: Which intracellular oganelles have membranes as part of their structure? How would the breakdown of the membranes of these structures affect the function of Joseph’s heart cells? All intracellular organelles have membranes as part of their structure except ribosomes. The breakdown of these membranes affect the function of the heart because the lack of ATP has affected the plasma membrane pumps and stopped the moving of the ATPase calcium from the cytosol to the endoplasmic reticulum of the cardiac muscle. As the calcium level rice the protease spill into the interior of the cell which attacks the cytoskeleton, causing enzymes to eat away at the membranes. Queston D: Two important pieces of information-the instructions of Joseph’s body needs to repair itself and his predisposition for vascular disease- are both contained within the cell on which structures? His predisposition for vascular disease is held in the Mitochondria DNA. The information that is needed to repair itself is held in the DNA, but is mainly held in the messenger RNA, which directs the synthesis of specific proteins that can help repair the body. Qeustion E: Joseph’s heart attack has caused the function of his cells to change. What types of proteins in the cell membrane were involved in the homeostatic imbalances of his heart cells? The type of proteins in the cell membranes that were involved in the homeostatic imbalances os his heart cells are ATP, because the lack of it caused the pumps

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