In 1981 Christopher Bruce choreographed a dance called ‘Ghost Dance’ about the human rights of people in Chile and all the terrible and tragic things that were happening at the time. (HYPERLINK "http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/dance7_10/ghostdances/docs/ghost4.pdf"http://www.curriculumsupport.education.nsw.gov.au/dance7_10/ghostdances/docs/ghost4.pdf 24-08-12) Such as, murders, people being taken away from their families, tortures and many more horrific things. Christopher chose to choreograph the dance, after receiving a letter from a widow Chilean folk singer whose husband had been murdered. He was asked to do a work for the Chilean Human Rights Committee. This inspired Christopher to be more concerned towards the Chilean people; therefore, he constructed this beautiful choreographed piece, to express the horrible past, the suffering of the innocent people.
This was the time of the year when Christians honored saints and prayed for the recently dead that were still traveling to heaven. The dead who were in purgatory were close enough to the physical world, so could get a last chance at vengeance. Christians would then dress up in masks and costumes to trick the dead. When Halloween became more pop-culture than folk-culture the traditions stopped having meanings. People to this day still dress up, but it's more just for the fun of it.
Their hope was the saints would take the offering and protect them from the evil spirits. Halloween today is community based with traditions to dress in costume and go trick-or-treating, while the Day of the Dead was and still is about honoring deceased friends and family. In order to honor the dead people create altars decorated with skulls made from wood or sugar, and favorite foods of the deceased. The two holidays are similar in that both are Catholic holidays, and involve spirits. The two holidays are different because one, people dress up and go trick-or-treating, and the other gathers with friends and family to honor the deceased.
Halloween started with the festival of Samhain. It was celebrated by the Celtics of Ireland on November 1st and was considered the end of summer; the date on which the herds were returned from pasture. It was also believed to be a time when the souls of those who had died would return to visit their homes. Villages lit bonfires on hilltops for the lighting of their hearth fires, which kept their houses warm in the winter, but also to frighten away evil spirits. They sometimes wore masks and other disguises to avoid being recognized by the ghosts thought to be present.
This angered the ruler, and he prayed to the gods to give him vengeance against Kalikut. His prayers were answered when the gods appeared to him in a dream and taught him a new form of dance-drama – the Kathakali. (Barba 1967:37) Historically, Kathakali originated during the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries in Kerala, on the south-western coast of India (Zarilli 2000:3) and was patronized by the ruling or landholding families. By the end of the eighteenth century, the foundations of Kathakali had been laid and most of the distinctive performance techniques and conventions had evolved. (Zarilli 2000:3) Aesthetics of the form in connection to the texts, performance conventions and the use of the body •
In 1937 the last lxheim congregation merged with a neighboring Mennonite church foreclosing the last reformation. Most Amish communities that were established in North America did not retain their Amish Identity. The major split occurred that resulted in identity loss in 1860. Ministerial conferences were held in Wayne County, Ohio. The conferences were progressive ideas on how to deal with the everyday pressures of modern society.
Religious Traditions REL/133 February 8, 2012 Jeremy Langill Religious Traditions “If a man would follow, today, the teachings of the Old Testament, he would be a criminal. If he would fallow strictly the teachings of the new, he would be insane” (Iingersoll, 2012). Religious traditions have been taught and passed from generation to generation throughout the ages, mainly by word of mouth. Story tellers in every religion have been telling the story of their sacred and teaching the ways of their traditions. For example the Native American religious traditions are passed by storytelling, dance, and song.
The Evolution of Irish Dancing: A Brief Overview of How Irish Dance Became What it is Today Pikes Peak Community College During the 7th and 8th century the Vikings destroyed Irish History Books, which include the previous history of Irish Dancing. So we do not know too much about Irish dancing until the end of the vikings destruction in the early 11th century. This was when an event called Feisianna began. At Feisianna, there would be a trade fair, political gathering. Feisianna also involved sporting events, story telling, crafts, music, and dancing.
There is a video that I found on the internet where this is described a lot better that I will show the class during our presentation. The ghost dance is similar to the hoop dance because both forms of the dance were once illegal in the United States during the civil war. The Native American people had to illegally practice there dance forms and move from place to place while the United States was taking over there land. The Ghost dance would be practiced at night and was thought that the
Or, are ghosts just figments of our imagination, something we dream up, in hopes of excitement in our boring lives? Ghosts are questionably true visions, believed to emerge from humans or animals that were once alive, but are now dead, usually represented by the sight of something unexpected or remarkable, but often indicated their presence through sound, smell, or touch (Ghosts 2007). We have all heard many ghost stories in our lifetime and the purpose of this paper is to educate the readers of the truth behind ‘ghosts.’ The idea of ghosts exists in all cultures. Ghost sightings have been happening, and have been reported and have been documented, since one of the first notable ghost stories was reported in the first century A.D. Pliney the Younger was a well-respected Roman statesman and author. In the first century A.D., he reported seeing the ghost of an old man with rattling chains and a long beard at his house in Athens (History Channel 2012).