Gyroscopic Stabilization of Unstable Vehicles
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Abstract Introduction Information Search Customer Requirements Engineering Specifications Quality Function Deployment Concept Generation Engineering Analysis Manufacturing Final Design Testing Future Improvement Conclusions Acknowledgement References Appendices
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The purpose of this project is to design and build a cart that demonstrates active gyroscopic stabilization. The gyroscope balances the vehicle by countering external disturbances by use of the precession effect. When an external torque is applied to the gyroscope, it will react by turning on an axis that is perpendicular to both the spin axis and torque axis. The active control of this external torque forms the basis of the actuating mechanics. The goal of this project is to manufacture a functioning model that stabilizes itself if its equilibrium is disturbed.
Monorails and other vehicles with only two wheels do not have enough points of contact to stabilize themselves, so they require a stabilizing mechanism. One such mechanism is an internal gyroscope, which counteracts external torques. The purpose of this project is to test the concept of gyroscopic stabilization in vehicles, by building a model that stabilizes itself using a gyroscope. This will be done by using electronic sensors that detects instabilities in the system and feed that information into a microcontroller, which controls an actuator that moves the gyroscope axis back and forth to counteract the instability. Our goal in this project is to construct a two‐wheeled cart that stabilizes itself while idle. If this goal is met, we will create a track for the cart to follow that will have varying curves and inclines.