Zoroastrianism Essay

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The invention and diffusion of Zoroastrianism consists of a long history of the rise and fall in the Persian Empire. One of the first monotheistic religions developed, it had influenced the development of later religions such as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Zoroastrianism changed and evolved as the kings of the Persian Empires adopted it as their state religion. After the fall of the Persian Empire by the invasion of Arabs, the Zoroastrians were persecuted and a great number fled to India. It has become the smallest religion in the world with two distinct types of Zoroastrians, the Iranians and the Parsis in India. The ancient religion began in Persia about 600 BCE (McKay, 22). Zoroastrianism’s development can be attributed to the preaching and works of one man Zoroaster, also known as Zarathustra. The exact date of his existence is uncertain but the agreed approximation is 1200-1500 BCE with adherents believing his existence as early as 7th millennium BCE. He was born in what is now known as present day Iran. Zarathustra was a religious thinker and Preacher who taught that God, Ahura Mazda, was the ultimate good and creator of the world who resides in Heaven and Angra Mainyu, god’s opposer is the evil energy that created death and resides in Hell. The mantra of the religion is “good thoughts, good words, good deeds” this is how one should live and find eternal happiness in Heaven. It emphasized on the individual’s responsibility to choose between good and evil (McKay, 22). Zoroastrianism can be credited for influencing later religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and was once the state religion of the largest empire spanning what is now knows as the Middle East. “Zoroastrian philosophy powerfully influenced post-Exilic Judaism” (BBC) The fundamental beliefs focus around the individual’s responsibility to choose between good and evil. And a person

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