Criminal Psychology: Trauma that influences criminal behavior Criminal activity is the act of an individual breaking a law. This could vary from a violent murder to a simple argument out in public. Criminals are usually prosecuted and sometimes are not granted a fair trail due to the severity of the crime they have committed, but could there be a psychological reason as to why an individual is persuaded to commit a crime? This has been a controversial debate that has been researched over the years. It is believed that certain traumas and different environments have a great effect on how ones mind develops.
Why do juveniles become delinquents? Juveniles from the ages twelve to seventeen tend to get involved in negative activities which lead them to delinquency. Juvenile delinquency is also known as juvenile offending, or youth crime, and is basically the participation in illegal behavior by minors. Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers and courts. The question most Americans are asking themselves is, “what leads a child to delinquency?” Authors of Delinquency in Society, Robert M. Regoli, John D. Hewitt, and Matt Delisi argue, “Juvenile delinquency is a complex phenomenon that is difficult to define, measure, explain, and prevent.” (pg.4) The authors’ arguments explain how there are numerous variables that could be applied to the actions of these juveniles, such as their environment, education, race, class, and gender.
Many studies have shown that families that are involved in crime tend to set their children on a law breaking path. (Henslin, 2103, p.158) Some people may not know what the term differential association means, but most are familiar with how it works. For instance parents do not want to live in a bad neighborhood filled with delinquents because if their child is around that influence, they are likely to turn out the same way. In some areas deviation is very woven into the subculture, such as inner cities. If a wrong glance is given to the wrong person, it could cost someone their life.
As the item alludes to, these subcultural theories emerged mainly from Merton's ideas about crime particularly his anomie theory. Subcultural theories attempt to explain the collective nature of crime a deviance. Subcultures provide an alternative deviant opportunity structure for those faced by blocked opportunities. The item States different theories take different views on the reasons for crime. On of these theories is Cohen's: Cohen accepts a lot of Merton's theory by this he agrees with the concept of working class youths being socialised into the American/British dream then facing blocked opportunities due to low societal position and thus suffering from state frustration and unable to achieve goals legitimately.
It does however explain why some people or actions are described as deviant, and can help in understanding crime and deviance. According to item A labelling has changed the theoretical base for the study of criminals. Becker emphasises the significance of crime being a social construct; an action only becomes criminal or deviant once society has labelled it so, and that crime can be argued to be a social construction. He introduced the concept of a master label, referring to the label which a person is given which overrides all other labels. When a person is labelled as negatively, society tends to tend them as such, and this master label often becomes internalised, and then a self-fulfilling prophecy occurs.
How far do sociologists agree that the key cause of crime in society is relative deprivation? Criminal activities have been happening for many years and happen for a variety of reasons and sociologists believe that to some extent, relative deprivation is the key cause of criminal behaviour in today’s society, however there are other aspects which could affect crime rates such as sub – cultural theories, the opportunity structure and inadequate socialisation. Relative deprivation is the occurrence of groups or individuals being unfairly judged with people similar to them. For example a young man who wants to live a flash lifestyle with expensive cars, lots of money and a nice house because he was educated with others who have grown up to experience these things. As he is unable to achieve these luxuries through work, he may turn to criminal activity because he wants to be like his peers as he feels pushed out.
Sometimes youth that had a troubled home, then continue the vicious cycle with other troubled teens on the run, streets, and in gangs. The “crime world” is like an open range of every kind of criminal activity possible, depending on the path a young troubled person may get involved with. This means they are open to robbing, property damage, violent crimes, murder, and drug use (Sullivan, 2010). Social influences on these youth could have ranged from growing up in poverty, abuse, lack of education, lack of parenting, and through observation of the environment they grew up around (Sullivan, 2010). There are rights, such as to own a gun.
Juvenile delinquents are defined as trouble makers, thugs, gangsters etc. But what people don’t know is why they are like this. Juvenile delinquents don’t always act out just because; they may have things in their past or present that they are trying to avoid. The things in the past or present they are trying to avoid may be more traumatic than us as adults see it. No matter how bad or good their life is kids or teens still have problems they face.
It is a common place to attach labels to criminals in an attempt to explain and better understand their behaviour through describing them as possessing a certain characteristic trait. There is a varied finding on who exactly commits child sexual abuse, but the most common finding that is present in the majority of child abuse cases is that sexual offenders are predominantly family members or are closely regarded or known by the child. People who sexually abuse suffer from emotional immaturity, low self-esteem, an inability to see harm in their actions and lack the knowledge to control their impulses. Often
In many cases, mostly teenagers gain negatives effects more than the positive ones. Hence, peer pressure brings negative effects on teenagers as it cultivates bad habits, instils bad decision-making and leads to loss of identity. Bad habits are cultivated among teenagers who experienced peer pressure. Teens are likely to adopt a certain kind of lifestyle when under immense pressure. Some people are very much fortunate to live a luxurious lifestyle.