Youth Violence in Schools American InterContinental University Abstract During this paper, I will discuss youth violence in schools, and how the media has portrayed it. I will focus on the urban schools since it has the bulk of stigmatism resulting from public opponents with who placed blame on the parents opposed to the type of community these children are forced to be a part of. In addition, there is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), which is the cause of many of these youths acting out. lastly, acknowledging the social groups and parents who are trying to aid with being positive in fighting those stigmas and obstacles by educating them and giving them different types of avenues to spend their time. Violence in Schools I chose Youth Violence in Schools as the topic for my post.
Through the correction function of juvenile court system, young offenders are influenced to realize their potential by helping them to build acceptable vocational and interpersonal skills. Over the years, the juvenile justice system in the United States have been facing a major challenge trying to balance between punishments and transforming the behavior of young offenders (Heiss, 2006). The juvenile justice system has two divergent philosophies the conservative and liberal philosophies. The conservative philosophy is based on the premise of retribution. Retribution helps to remove offenders from the society through incarceration.
Is concern over youth crime a moral panic? Answer with reference to recent policy changes. The concept of societal concern over ‘youth crime’ is nothing new, from Victorian ‘street urchins’ to the modern day ‘yob’. Crime however comes in various forms from extreme acts of murder to minor vandalism or drug use, given how varied crime can be it would appear also that some crime is given more focus than others. This was first brought attention to by Stanley Cohen’s book ‘Folk Devils and Moral Panics’ (1972), he pointed out that some crime is given more attention and exaggerated so the societal response is likewise.
The Australian World Health Organisation study on teen substance abuse revealed a report that , '' the major predictive factor in teen substance use and abuse , is parental use and abuse . '' ( W.H.O. 2010. ). This same study also revealed that, it affects the way people live, their consequent chances of illness and premature death.
Differential Association is a theory developed by Edwin Sutherland which was created to explain reasons why people commit crimes. The theory claims that criminal behaviour is learned through process of communication with other persons. Reasons why they get involved in criminal activity. Emotional problems A study of a sample of 100 young people attending St. Vincent’s Trust found a complex picture of both emotional and family problems facing these young people. In their upbringing, they had experienced a variety of problems, for example; loss of a parent, child abuse, parental alcohol and drug misuse, drug abuse and frequent domestic violence.
The lines of evidence relating to the psychology of criminal behaviors research correspond closely to the paternal and family risk factors that a criminal has experienced during their development stages in life from childhood to adulthood. The most supporting evidence of the risk factors could be found in single parent household, parental styles, parental monitoring, and the influence of the siblings. There are many other reasons as to why a person becomes a criminal, however is hard to determine the real reason that sparingly transpire and individual to commit crimes. There are more studies needed to be conducted to determine the mental status of a criminal. Is rationale to assume that parental and family risk factors played a vital part in the life of a criminal, because they are a product of their surroundings.
Discuss the view that some people turn to crime because of their upbringing. Turning to crime by upbringing can be explained by the social, developmental and behaviourist approaches. It can be explained by developmental in Farringtons study of Disrupted Families. Farrington documented the start, duration and end of offending behaviour from childhood to adulthood in families of 411 boys aged 8 and 9. From Farringtons study they concluded that the most important risk factors are criminality in the family and poor child-rearing.
Evaluate upbringing as an explanation of criminal behaviour. Upbringing can be defined as the background to an individual’s life where a study by Farrington can explain criminality where he focuses on youth’s backgrounds because we need to look into someone’s past experience whether offender/non-offender which might influence his/hers behaviour later on in life. Theories that use upbringing suggests that what happens during early childhood experiences which can greatly impact on a person’s susceptibility to turn to crime in the future. Farrington had come up with some other predicting factors of crime which include parental divorce and lack of supervision from parents. The study by Farrington et al.
Running head: JUVENILE CRIME STATISTICS PAPER 1 Juvenile Crime Statistics Paper CJA/374 JUVENILE CRIME STATISTICS PAPER 2 Juvenile Crime Statistics Paper Introduction Juvenile crime statistics is truly misunderstood by today’s society. The general public pushes for harsher punishment when in reality juvenile crime rate has actually decreased. This paper will summarize the “Juvenile Arrests 2008”. This paper will further discuss the overall decrease in juvenile arrests, the increase in drug offenses and simple assaults, implications for juvenile females and members of ethnic and racial minorities, an increase in juvenile female arrests and a decrease in arrests for juvenile male offenders for violent crimes, as well as what assessment are used to track juvenile arrests in order to measure the amount of juvenile crime as well as its trends. The Overall Decrease in Juvenile Arrests Overall Review Data from 2008 shows that juvenile arrests for violent crime declined between 2006 and 2008.
Unsuspecting parents may be unaware of drug use in their children. I’m trying to find out ways to help reduce usage and abuse against teenagers and young adult to help better the younger generation and make them a strong minded human being. Reducing this can benefit the society in major ways because most of the younger adults who drop out of school are related to illicit drug usages and abuse. I. “Young people and drugs abuse”.