Identify the weaknesses of the Hobbesian and Lockean justifications for obedience, and explain them. Political obligation is the obligation to obey the law because it is the law. Philosophers have argued that free and equal people do not have an obligation to obey an authority unless they have consented to do so. Thus political obligation must be based on consent. The most obvious weakness of both the Hobbesian and Lockean justifications for obedience is that we have never explicitly consented to be ruled by a state and obey its laws.
If our lives are determined then our choices are not our actual choices, they are an illusion. All of our so-called choices have been determined for us and we choose them because it has been planned all along. If this were the case, our choices may be moral but we cannot accept praise for them because they were not really our own choice. Blame and praise are vital to libertarians because only when you make a moral choice freely can you be praised and when you make an immoral choice freely you can be held responsible. Determinism takes away any need for praise or blame because if our lives are determined, we are never responsible for the things we do.
In today’s world, so many people feel as though being dishonest will get them ahead in life. Instead, the dishonest person will reap a bad seed and not achieve goals. By being dishonest can lead to arrest, company failures, fines, and even jail time. As individuals, students have the freedom of speech to express ourselves but this must be done in a decent and professional matter. Students must respect others and should allow them to express themselves without causing problems.
He goes on to say that few have broken from societies’ chains and fewer still because of our inability to “cultivate our minds”(601). Kant then moves on to the use of reasoning, of which he says there are two types: public and private reasoning. Private use of one’s reasoning is doing something mandatory, while public “must always be free”(601). After this he goes on to say that religion tends to “keep all further enlightenment away from the human race forever”. (602) He moves on to the subject of ruling shortly thereafter, in which he thinks a ruler’s duty is “not to prescribe anything to human beings in religious matters but to leave them complete freedom”(603) and so, the ruler “is himself enlightened”(603).
Fundamental human rights and freedom are being suppressed. The world has not changed that much. Despite this fact, it is still the mandate of the government in every nation to ensure freedom for its citizens and to make sure that they are not restricted from exercising their rights to
Benedict on Freedom Benedict consistently criticizes secularity for their modern definition of reason. This incorrect definition leads to their incorrect perception of freedom. Modernity identifies freedom with anarchy or “the possibility of doing anything.” Benedict argues that this brand of freedom is empty and asserts because of the nature and dignity of man that freedom requires a “communal substance,” – a right way of living in common. Freedom must be oriented towards the recognition of human dignity. Furthermore, politics must be enlightened by truth to further freedom and protect human rights.
This case shows how even though the students have freedom of speech and press if it will impact the audience or others negatively it isn’t allowed. This doesn’t mean you don’t have the right to say whatever you want; this simply means take into consideration the others who may be affected by it. Many can argue that
That is it. No one else should be involved in the relationship. Of course there are people in your life that care about you and want the best, but they cannot tell you how to love. Sometimes the parent may be overpowering but they need to understand that it is not their decision and should know that they do not get a final decision. In the end, all you need to do is listen to your heart because love does not hear
Functional governments depend on the continued support of the people, when a government is no longer backed by the people it ceases to provide them with freedom. Rousseau states that people have the right “to either accept or reject” a system of government and that if they have this right then “the government will no longer be arbitrary” (Rousseau 138). People cannot be forced to support a government because this government will never actually be productive, a government must function as a form of agreement in order for it to be more than a group of captives. Just as agreement is required for the formation and maintenance of a government, acts carried out by a government require the support of the people. Roosevelt says that he has “called for personal sacrifice” but that it will lead to a greater tomorrow (Roosevelt 154).
As people we should have the freedom to think and believe whatever we want, no one else should be able to tell you that what you think and believe is wrong or right in a sense that would make it illegal to believe that. In America this law is not implied and that is the reason that people from all different countries risk their lives to come to America. They want a new start where they can be themselves and believe what they want, the opposite of what this law/idea will do when implied. This is one of the reasons America is considered one of the greatest countries to live in.