This amylase converts the remaining starch into maltose. Maltose and lactose are absorbed into the small intestine. Multiple enzymes reside in the microvilli that lines the small intestine: maltase, lactase and sucrose. They’re called brush border enzymes The brush border enzymes convert the disaccharides into monosaccharides: glucose, fructose, and galactose. The monosaccharides are them absorbed into the bloodstream.
Symptoms include abdominal distress like diarrhea, bloating, abdominal pain and flatulence. lactose intolerance can be treated with commercially available lactase (tablets) or with probiotics such as Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophiles. It has been observed that consumption of milk containing Bifidobacterium longum and L. acidophilus cause significantly less hydrogen production and flatulence. The combination of Lactobacillus caseishirota and Bifidobacterium breve (Yakult) has shown better effect and improved the symptoms of lactose intolerance significantly (Vonk et al.
Foods made from milk that retain their calcium content are part of the group 2) Identify sources of essential nutrients • Carbohydrates - fruits, breads and grains, starchy vegetables and sugars • Protein – meat, fish, cheese, tofu, beans, lentils, yogurt, nuts, and seeds • Fat – omega-3-rich foods like fish, walnuts and vegetable-based oils • Vitamins –citrus fruits, strawberries and peppers • Minerals –bananas, potatoes and tomatoes. • Water – water , vegetables, fruit, meat, fish, eggs, soups 3) Explain the role of essential nutrients for health • Carbohydrate - supplies energy ,assists in the utilization of fats • Protein - helps build and repair body tissue, helps build antibodies • Fat - supplies energy, aids in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins • Vitamins - Vitamins help to regulate chemical reactions in the body • Minerals - contains calcium and magnesium are important for bone structure, and
P2: Describe the characteristics of nutrients and their benefit to the body. Answer: Characteristics of nutrients and their benefit to the body are carbohydrates, starch and non-starch polysaccharides, sugar substitutes and sugar. Carbohydrates are one of the main types of food. Sugar and starch are main types of carbohydrates these carbohydrates provide energy for the body. Liver breaks down carbohydrates into glucose which the body uses for sugar.
Whole cranberries are a good source of dietary fiber and all cranberry products contain flavonoids and polyphenolics that offer a wide range of potential heart health benefits including defense against atherosclerosis and anti-inflammatory properties. Cranberries are a good source of fiber – 10% of the Daily Value – with 2.3 grams per serving (40 gram serving). Another ingredient that is beneficial would be whole wheat grain flour. I found an interesting article and it said: “Women who eat whole grains weigh less”. A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition underscores the importance of choosing whole rather than refined wheat to maintain a healthy body weight.
There are many food products being sold today that are lactose-free. Some of these items are, Silk soymilk, coconut milk, almond milk, and many special types of cheeses and yogurt. By switching your regular, lactose-filled food products with some of these, can not only keep your love for all of these items within reach, but it can also keep your body healthy. If switching your cow’s milk for some soybean milk doesn’t sit well with your budget or you just can’t get over the taste/smell, do not lose hope. There is another option.
Although they both carry the famed name Cheerios, both cereals are different in taste but almost exactly the same in vitamins and minerals. These cereals offer a variety of health benefits such as lowering high cholesterol. And providing families with food that everyone can enjoy. Honey Nut and Apple Cinnamon Cheerios are both high in folic acid, which helps prevent birth defects and improves the spinal system of new born babies. Calcium and Phosphorus can also be found in these Cheerios, they help improve eye sight and bone health by making them stronger.
Fluids are balanced in blood and tissue. Food sources; bananas, sweet potato, avocado, and prune, tomato, orange juice. Milk, yogurt, dry beans, fish, beef, pork, and nuts. • Zinc; is need for development and growth. It helps keep the immune system, is important in healing wounds and helps with other nutrients in the body.
Reduce calories by filling yourself up with protein, vegetables, whole grains, and replacing bad habit snacks with good ones. For example, if you have a sugar craving, replace your calorie laden latte with a Muscle Milk lite, one of my favorites, because it has zero sugar and a ton of protein that will satiate while also torching my sugar craving! Another great trick is a sprinkle of cinnamon in your morning coffee or oatmeal- the spice has been shown to help stabilize blood sugar. It also slows the rate at which food exits the stomach, which helps you feel fuller longer. Vitamin C When you’re under extreme stress, you secrete more cortisol hormone.
Soluble Fibre when passing through the large intestine absorbs the water turning the faecal matter much softer, allowing the waste to pass through the body quickly. This type of Fibre is also known to help lower cholesterol levels in the blood. Soluble Fibre is found in: Fruits, Vegetables, Lentils, Peas, Beans, Oats, Barley, Oatmeal, Potatoes, Dried Fruit, Soya Milk and Soya Products. Insoluble Fibre is a Fibre that creates helpful bacteria that ferments making consumed substances soft and bulky, allowing the matter to pass through the body much quicker. Insoluble Fibre prevents constipation and lets a larger amount of faecal matter to be disposed from the body at once.