Wuthering Heights Essay

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Wuthering Heights: Novelistic Realism as well as Gothic Romance Among literature there are many genres, but throughout the continuum of generations, authors are influenced by previous works of art and therefore incorporate several genres into their piece of work. The 19th century fiction Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte contains many styles of Novelistic Realism, but it is also partly based on the Gothic Romance traditions of the late eighteenth century. Novelistic Realism is a style of literature that encompasses flashes of what society would see as authenticity to real life conflicts. In regard to this novel, the realistic conflict is seen through issues relating to levels of class and hierarchies- a relative concern to everyone in real life at that time. But, Wuthering Heights transcends this genre by also incorporating Gothic Romance (an influence from the first Gothic Romance by Horace Walpole in The Castle of Otranto.) In Gothic Romance novels of this time, the literature features elements of haunted castles, supernatural encounters, ominous ancient prophecies, and grotesque imagery: the goal of which is to create affects of mystery and fear. The first Romance to feature these elements of gloom and strange phenomena was Castle of Otranto. This style and genre became a major literary trend for subsequent authors of the 18th and 19th centuries, including Emily Bronte. The story begins with Manfred, Lord of Otranto, preparing for his son Conrad’s wedding to Isabella. But, to everyone’s horror, just before the wedding Conrad is found “dashed to pieces, and almost buried under an enormous helmet (19)…” that fell from above. This mysterious event quickly became ominously explicable in regards to the ancient prophecy which had previously puzzled the family: "That the castle and lordship of Otranto should pass from the present family, whenever the real owner

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