wtf Essay

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Elegy (elegia) • First person narration • Tells about people, their problems, some loss and their misfortune • Sometimes has a refrain • Tone is usually sad, reflexive, very personal • Contains kennings (expanded metaphor e.g. ocean, sea = whale’s path) • Situation of the character is getting worse but there is a hope, consolation • Alliteration (the repetition of the first consonant sound in a phrase e.g. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers) makes the elegy more melodic The Wanderer (Tułacz, Włóczęga) (from Exeter Book) Poem about a man who was respected and privileged in his lord’s hall. But one day lord died. Main character lost his post and become the wanderer who lives in sorrow and despair. He was loyal to his lord what in that times was very important so that’s wahy he is lamenting about the loss of his master. The voice of wisdom gives consolation to the speaker, asserting that wealth is transitory and that one can recieve true joy only from God. The Seafarer (Rybak) (from Exeter Book) Example of sea elegy. Tells about a man, seafarer, who in the first part is describing drawbacks of life at the sea, he tells about dangerous matters and hardships but also about his real love and fascination to the sea. The sacond part is a kind of moral teaching. Old sailor tells the youth about harshness of life of a sailor and the youth points out that the harshness make it so attractive. Courtly poetry (poezja dworska, królewska) • Refers to royal court (royal family) • Presents the king and his knights or relatives • Rituals of knights (feasts, competitions etc.) • Table manners etc. Deor’s Lament (Lament Deora) (from Exeter Book) Elegy or courtly poem rooted in Germanic tradition and legends. There is first person narration of a complaining minstrel (bard, grajek nadworny) who has lost his position at his lord’s hall in

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