Du bois wanted swift change following education. Though both Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois had similar goals, both men had different objectives and methods of reaching those goals. Booker T. Washington was more focused on achieving education for real jobs, and not asking for equality from among the white men, but instead Washington was focused on getting help from the white men while accepting blacks’ role in the society. Booker T. Washington wanted to show only the good of black people, and believed that blacks were fully capable for working for themselves.
In the 2th century, dichotomies have been created that lead to one group having more power over another group. However, through history we see the individuals who stand up against these more powerful groups as heroic. This can be seen through the youngest Nobel Peace Prizewinner, Martin Luther King Jr’s actions to achieve equality for the African-Americans. King was fed up with being treated unfairly because he was black and stood up to protect himself, his family and his people. Such a strong proclamation cost King his life but we still recognise his actions today as a main factor for the equality of African-Americans, and many other races.
All members agreed that King should lead the boycott because he was young, had family connections and he was newest to the society so he had the fewest enemies. Martin Luther King Jr. gave a speech and, after giving this speech, he was much respected among the black community. There was 382 days following this speech where blacks were to walk to work, be harassed, and endure violence from the white community. The blacks took legal action against the whites for these actions and, in the end; they ended up winning and ending segregation. Martin Luther King Jr., along with some other Civil Rights leaders, founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, “a new organization emerged to combat racism and segregation through nonviolent tactics.” (DeBlasio) They helped conduct nonviolent protests to promote civil rights reform.
It split as new militant groups formed, where leaders believed non-violence was useless, and they had to fight with violence. These groups included the Black Muslins and the Black Panther Movement in 1966, they believed in Black Separatism and were against King. In the 20th century, life had already changed a lot, but there were still problems. For example, in 1998, three White men linked to the Klu Klux Klan chained a disabled Black man to the back of their truck and dragged him along a country road until he died. Then, in February 2000, four New York policemen were found innocent of the murder of a Black suspect.
It is easy to say that equality was achieved among our African American citizens by looking around in today's America. Today we may pay no mind to the struggles and hardships African Americans endured throughout our history as a nation. However, we know that many wars were fought and many people stood up for what's right; they stood up for liberty and justice for all. There are many ways African Americans stood united to fight discrimination, end segregation and isolation, and finally attain full equality and civil rights (Bowles 2011). It was a long process that began way before the civil rights movement of the 1950s and '60s (Bowles 2011).
King’s purposed to use “nonviolent direct action” was to create a crisis that will have force the community to respond. He was jailed on May 7 after police and other protesters turned a protest violent over 3,000 African Americans where put in jail. While in jail some accused King of moving to fast in the fight for Civil Rights he fought back by saying “Black Americans have waited too long already”. Some including King found that religious groups and religious institutions fail to take action on social and political issues regarding Civil Rights. Last Name 2 Instead of applauding the police, King feels the white ministers should praise the black demonstrators for their courage and discipline.
How important was the contribution of Martin Luther King to the civil rights movement of the years 1955-68? The Civil Rights Movement was a movement to give African-American citizens equality, socially, politically and economically. Martin Luther King undoubtedly played a huge role during the 1950’s and 60s for the civil rights movement because he led many of the peaceful protests, boycotts and made inspirational speeches such as ‘I Had a Dream’ which brought millions of people together. His main philosophy for improving the status of black people was non violent protests. He is frequently referred to as a human rights icon today.
Malcolm X advocated frequently for blacks who were unjustly treated by legal and social authority. He showed people that black people could be articulate, and highly intellectual. He advocated for black men to rise up and give the same reaction they received from the white power structure and not accept the status quo of racism and discrimination. It is because of Malcolm's views of social justice and revolutionary actions, that gave rise to the most influential and revolutionary groups in America today. People just could not believe how someone could take the life of someone of such great
The NAACP and SCLC welcomed black and white members arguing that the cooperation between the two would make the movement stronger. However the more radical groups felts that black people should work alone. Furthermore, groups in America during this period such as; SNCC and CORE, were both protest groups which aimed at improving working and living conditions for black people, and to make them equal to other races in the USA. These had been quite moderate organisations which were linked to Martin Luther King and the civil rights movement. This was the first time that black organisations had really tried to improve conditions in the cities.
The blacks boycotted the buses for 382 days. They would walk or carpool with each other to keep from riding public transportation. King also protested for voting rights, demanding that African American's should have the same equal civil rights as Caucasian. King was going to protest equal rights for sanitation workers, who was assassinated before the bill was passed. The March on Washington was for African American freedom and jobs.