Worlds Collide Outline

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Worlds Collide: Europe, Africa, & America 1450–1620 Chapter Outline: I. Native American Worlds A. The First Americans (came in 3 waves) 1. The 1st people in the Western Hemisphere were migrants from Asia a. Came between 13,000 B.C. & 11,000 B.C. b. Crossed a land bridge connecting Siberia & Alaska. c. Glacial melting created the Bering Strait d. Isolated the people of the Western Hemisphere for 300 generations. 3. The 2nd group of people = a. Ancestors of the Navajos & the Apaches crossed the Bering Strait ~6000 B.C 4. The 3rd group of people = a. Ancestors of the Eskimos ~3000 B.C. 5. For centuries, Native Americans were hunter gatherers a. They developed horticulture around 3000 B.C. 6. Agricultural surplus led to populous &…show more content…
The Renaissance 1) “Rebirth” stimulated by the wealth & learning of the Arab world & the reintroduction of Greek & Roman texts, impacting mostly on the upper classes. 2) Civic Humanism: celebrated the public expression of virtue & public service created by a new ruling class of moneyed elite—merchants, bankers, & textile manufacturers 3) Works by artists such as Michelangelo, Palladio, & da Vinci were part of a flowering of artistic genius. 4) Niccolò Machiavelli’s, The Prince (1513), advised an alliance of monarchs, merchants, & royal bureaucrats to challenge the power of the agrarian nobility. 5) Increasing wealth of the monarchical nation-state propelled Europe into its first age of expansion. 6) Prince Henry of Portugal sought an alternate oceanic route to Asia i) Why? Because Arabs & Italians dominated trade in the Mediterranean; ii) under Henry’s direction, Portugal led European expansion overseas. iii) By the 1440s the Portuguese were the first Europeans engaged in the African slave trade. B. West African Society & Slavery 1) Most West Africans farmed small plots a) lived with extended families in small villages that specialized in certain crops b) they traded goods with one
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