Superson’s goal is to defeat the skeptic and does not believe self-interest is sufficient enough to do so. I understand the approach Superson is making about self-interest but I don’t think she is looking at all aspects of the topic. I think people will always act in self-interested ways regardless of the circumstances; people act according to their dispositions, not by force, unless they are being coerced of course. It is human nature to instinctively maximize our personal utility. We act in ways that we see fit, whether or not an act is considered moral is completely dependent upon the individual.
During the agentic state an individual may feel moral strain, moral strain is when a person may be aware that the order they're following is immoral or goes against their moral views but they feel unable to disobey and continue the behaviour anyway. When in the agentic state the individual is acting as an agent for others, they do not feel responsible for their own actions as they believe responsibility falls to the authority figure giving the order. As this gives a clear description of obedience, society can learn from and aim to avoid future events similar to Mai Lai massacre. There has been much researcher into obedience through many studies including Milgram & Hofling, both these studies were lab experiments so any findings from the data would be considered high in validity and therefore any changes made to society from the theory would likely be worthwhile. However agency theory is more of a description than an evaluation of obedience, therefore the theory is incomplete and other theories, such as social power theory it is an alternative explanation for obedience, as a result of this any changes society makes on the basis of agency theory may be invalid and useless as the theory itself may be incorrect/incomplete.
Both types of duty are quite important, but they have some distinction. Actions that require the judgment of one’s perfect duty create conflict if morally wrong, such as the killing of others. Perfect duty is, in a way, a human’s natural instinct of right and wrong. All members of society are simply expected to follow these standards in order to cooperate with one another. An imperfect duty however, will not result negatively if not satisfied.
Non-violent resistance strategies are designed to avoid bloody conflicts by absolutely refusing to be drawn into a violent confrontation. Far from being cowardly, this is a strategy that requires tremendous courage, self-control, as well as a willingness to endure pain and sometimes even death. The aim of non-violent resistance is to convert the opponent; to win over their mind and heart and persuade them that our point of view is right. Moreover, in nonviolent conflict, the participant does not want to make their opponent suffer; instead they show that they are willing to suffer themselves in order to bring about change. Great historical people have proven nonviolent resistance to be effective in attaining their goals such as Henry David Thoreau, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Cesar Chavez.
“We cannot all be masters, nor all masters cannot be truly follow'd.” a) Iago wants Roderigo to believe that although he serves his master, he does so only for his own purposes, not to "truly follow" him. b) Iago stands to gain trust from Roderigo because he is being honest with him and Roderigo will do what he is told. c) Iago is showing determination to Roderigo by telling him you do not need to be a master in order for people to look up to you. “I have profess'd me thy friend, and I confess me knit to thy deserving with cables of perdurable toughness. I could never better stead thee than now.
The aftermath of nonviolence is the creation of the beloved community, while the aftermath of violence is tragic bitterness.” Martin Luther King, Jr Nowadays, pacifism is not popular. Being a pacifist or making arguments against violence and aggression is often met with incredulous eye-rolling, as if believing that violence is destructive even when used in defense of self is naive. It is not. My pacifism is far from being naive. The following definitions aptly describe what I believe in: * pacifism: The doctrine that disputes (especially between countries) should be settled without recourse to violence; the active opposition to such violence, especially the refusal to take part in military action * pacifist: opposed to war * pacifist: one who loves, supports, or favors peace; one who is pro-peace * pacifist: An individual who disagrees with war on principle 1.
These mishaps, whether they be intentional or not, may often cloud judgment, or lead into false hope or aspiration. One such frailty in the human resolve takes the form of self-deceit, as humans tend to generate an ideal, constructed and localized viewpoint of their surrounds. It is often that these positions are adhere to and often are not deviated from. Before going on his trek with the old man, Goodman Brown defends the morality of his people by stating “We are a people of prayer, and good works to boot, and abide no such wickedness” (Hawthorne). Goodman Brown, coming from a family of piety and purity, believes that he and his fellow Puritan followers are incapable of great sin, and that none shall fall into wickedness or darkness.
Twain finds it important for the youth to realize that they must begin thinking for themselves rather than listening to those in authority or simply just others in general. Moral lessons may be taught or realized by self, and does not necessarily have to be swallowed by teachers, parents, etcetera. In this satire, Twain gives the solid, moral advice to listen to yourself rather than take on moral lessons from others, as what seems to be the truth does not always prevail. From the satire, one realizes that Twain truly believes in moral behavior, as he jokes that he has not learned how to "practice this gracious and beautiful art." And art it is, not reality.
Proactive people always find an optimistic alternative when things go wrong. Covey states you can choose to not be miserable. You do not have to empower the weakness of others who are trying to control you, take control of your own life and do what you feel is best. When you are proactive, you want to act and not be acted upon and stay true to your human nature. Reactive people however always blame everything surrounding them for excuses of why they are not responsible or cannot do something.
One of the personality traits of Friar Lawrence includes his honesty, demonstrated by his willingness to admit to the real story of what actually happens to Romeo and Juliet, this is essential as the audience needs to know that the truth will be told to all, so the violence between the Montauges and Capuletes will stop. The Friar is also kind and he tries to help everybody with their problems. Being a man of religion, he wants harmony to reign in Verona. His plans are fantastic and complicated and therefore fail. Friar Lawrence has a cowardly streak that doesn't suit his character; he means no harm but may end up doing some.