ATLANTIS In the chapter “The Lost Land of Atlantis”, the prime written source about this civilization was registered by the Greek philosopher Plato on Timaeus and Critia; and his source was Solon, a distant relative (Athenian lawmaker and poet). Their description of Atlantis included the island’s politics and physically shown as a wealthy territory. Based on this, some scientists and followers decided to seek for more evidence that may unveil this city to the skeptic world. After the first recordings of Plato, in the 4th century BC, Theophrastus of Lesbos also included this mythical land in some of his work. Claudius Aelianus, a Roman writer of the 2nd century wrote on his book “On the Nature of Animals” an identical description of this place.
Religion was an integral part of private and public life in Roman towns and consequently homes contained larariums or household shrines, while town administrators provided public places, temples, and supervised public sacrifices and festivals. Deities: The Romans worshipped a large number of deities both foreign and Roman. Gods and goddesses of the Greek culture were a strong presence in Roman towns often integrated into Roman practices. Apollo, Herakles, Dionysius and Hermes are among the principal Greek deities to be worshipped. Pompeii contained a temple to Apollo who was also associated with the cult of the Emperor following an edict from the Emperor Augustus attributing his win at Actium to this god.
They would often hold Panatheniac games which incorporated religious ceremonies and athletic competitions. The Panthenaic Amphora is a good example of the dedication the Greeks had towards athletics. The vase was made out of terracotta illustrated in a black-figure style.
Aristotle’s Prime mover: A) Explain Aristotle`s concept of a Prime Mover  Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived around the time of 384 BC – 322 BC. He was a student of Plato’s; however, there are differences in their beliefs. He was also tutor of the Ruler of Macedon‘s son Alexander; who later became Alexander the Great, one of the most successful commanders in history. Along with Socrates and Plato, Aristotle was a major influence on western philosophy as it is today. One of the key differences between Plato and Aristotle’s philosophies are beliefs about the ‘creation of a form.’ Plato believed in a demiurge – a figure that shaped a form from matter that already existed, so not in itself a creator, but a force that molded a form into shape.
4-MAT Review: Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity by David N. Entwistle Abstract In David N. Entwistle’s book, Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity (2010), he offers an argument for the possibility of integrating the two conflicting disciplines: Psychology (or science) and Theology. He presents several key questions relating to the possibility of the integration of these two disciplines. He begins his book with an exploration in which he relates and compares the ancient cities of both Athens and Jerusalem. He uses these two cities for his analyses, because according to him they are both relevant in history. An essential distinction between the cultures of Athens and Jerusalem could be in how they attained knowledge.
The Historical Criticism The Sand Reckoner by Gillian Bradshaw is a book that gives us a great view of the life and culture of the Greek in early times. Bradshaw’s book the Sand Reckoners main character is Archimedes, and Bradshaw creates a narrative that fits best with the accurate facts we know about him. Archimedes used mathematics and physics to create War Machines to help the Greece in war against Italy. Archimedes isn’t just known for his war machines but he also created another machine called the Water Snail. In his name the Water Snail is also known as the “Archimedes Snail”.
Explain the fundamental principles of the Design argument. a) The Design argument is an empirical argument that aims to prove the existence of God through design. The argument is a teleological argument, this derives from the Greek word 'telos' meaning 'end' or 'goal'. The argument is also an a posteriori argument meaning it is based upon experience. The argument was first developed 2500 years ago in Ancient Greece.
It shows the Spartans as chariot warriors, and infantry who fought for glory. Later the army was issued with aspis shields which made their new phalanx formation possible. In 550BC the entire state dedicated itself to aiding the Spartan warriors, and using helots to farm the land owned by spartiates, and perioeci as sailors, tradesmen and light infantry. By the end of the Corinthian War, however, the city of Thebes revolted and in a short campaign led by Epiminondas won the Theban War, extended Sparta to the assembly of Thebes. When the Theban-Athenian alliance was defeated by Macedon at the Battle of Chaeronea, Sparta was taken over.
Sparta was eventually the victor of the conflict but at a terrible price to Greece. The Peloponnesian War began in 431BC and ended in 404BC. The Peloponnesian War is broken up into three phases. Phase one (431BC-421BC) is known as The Archidamian War which ended in a stalemate. Phase two (421BC-415BC) erupted from a 6 year truce which was broken by military skirmishes.
Greek and Persian Cultures in the Sixth Century BC In the sixth century BC, two massive cultures lay on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea(Herodotus li). The Greeks, known as the Hellenes, were spread through much of lower Europe(Herodotus 210), while the Persian empire occupied modern day Turkey, Iraq, Iran, and the surrounding areas(Herodotus 225, The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia, 41). Although these great peoples dwelt on the shore of the same sea, they differed in everything from government, military, religion, and education, to morality and social structures. These two cultures have made it in to the history books, novels, television programs, and movies as some of the greatest cultures of all time. The Greeks and the Persians both possessed amazing societies.