World History Essay

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The Mesoamerican cultures such as Aztec, Maya, and Zapotec; South American cultures such as Inca, and Egyptian cultures worshipped the Sun god and built temples for the god. These temples to the Sun god, such as the Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan built by the Mesoamericans, the Coricancha built by the Incas, and the Abu Simbel built by Ramses II of Egypt, held many similarities. In these cultures, most of the Sun god temples It is natural that man would worship the sun, as it was the vehicle of their progress. It defined their days and seasons, and measured the passing of time as life faded into death, and life came again for the people and the land. There are theories that mesoamericans were originally from the East, as were south Americans. The legends of the cultures begin with this migration, and it explains the similarities in art and culture. In Egypt and civilizations of Central America the worship of animals was practiced. Both also worshiped a sun god. In Egypt the sun god was called Ra. The Toltecs of Mexico called their sun god Rana and the Peruvian's sun god was Raymi. Legends are another common cultural aspect of these two areas. The Egyptian religion, which is constructed mostly upon legends, refers to a time when the sun was completely obscured in dense clouds. The Tupi civilization of Brazil tells a story about two brothers, a struggle between light and dark (Donnelly, 1970). This legend states that "the cloudy day came out worst" (Connelly, 1970, p. 239), indicating that a time of great storms had passed. The Egyptian legends also relate to "ages of fire and ice, and the victory of the sun-god over the evil-one" (Donnelly, 1970, p. 234). Most all of the civilizations in South/Central America and Egypt preserved a tradition of such a deluge (Donnelly, 1949). During the time of fire and ice, there is also mention of a "cave-life" in

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