Particularly vulnerable groups were the old, who had no means of acquiring money. The young, were dependant on their parents’ financial status and good will, if they were not orphans. Seasonal workers were vulnerable due to the cyclical nature of their employment. Anyone who suffered from illness either long or short term fell into poverty because there were no sickness benefits. Women were another vulnerable group because they were always paid at a lower rate than men.
Families living on the poverty line often work for lower paid wages. The result of this is that there is a lack of sick leave and holiday pay for employees. This has an impact on the family income if they get sick or want to take holidays they are unable due to loss of income and wages. This increases job insecurity as employers have the power to sack or retrench employees at short notice and families fall into a cycle
Parents can’t afford good jobs to provide any benefits to their children. Parents don’t have the opportunity to afford an education due to the lack of income. Stress from growing in a poor family might maintain lasting hormonal and immune roles in behaviors that predict disease as an adult. Practical Implications: Providing better benefit to poor families. Allowing them obtain better paying job opportunities.
Many just need the right opportunities shown to them to change their whole perspective on life. Many of these people had no choice but to become homeless. Economic problems such as being laid off work, or the rise in the cost of housing had lead people to live on the streets. People with mental illnesses also become homeless quite often. These people are incapable of handling the stress of living on their own.
Chinese people (mostly in the rural areas) feel that school does not provide skills and and immediate success to their lives. Also, many poor families cannot afford to send their children to school. Fees for school are a main problem to the poor families because is money they don't have and the children are left to support their families. Even though the money the children obtain is so meager, it helps to put food on the table. The parents of this children don't really realize the conditions that they put their children in.
As mentioned above there are many reasons why a child lives in poverty, and we will now look at these in more detail. The five main groups all have one thing in common, which is lack of resources. This can be due to the adults not having a job, being unable to work as they have a disability, or not being eligible to work in the country. A large amount of the information used has been taken from the Banardos website. Many people who are out of work rely on state benefits to survive, and if they have children these benefits often are not enough to keep the family above the poverty line, hence the children suffer by lacking basic essentials such as new school uniforms, schoolbooks, pens, pencils etc, and therefore their education suffers.
Therefore Marxists will argue that the working classes are suppressed as they cannot afford such essentials that come so easily to the upper classes. Which means Marxists will also argue there is not an equality of opportunity for all students as upper class students have better recourses. Douglas in his research “The home and the school” found that poor housing conditions such as overcrowding and insufficient space can affect a student’s ability to study at home. Poor diets and higher levels of sickness through an inability to afford healthy food increases absences which mean the student will fall behind in lessons. Low income will mean that parents will be unable afford educational books or tutoring in order to help the student pass.
However, during the Great Depression, getting a job was very difficult. There were many Americans in need of jobs, and only a few were able to work per day. Even with the job, there was not enough money to pay for the houses. Many families at that time sent their kids away to keep the safe. Many Americans lost control of their lives.
Lone parents are struggling to make ends meet; as a result, their children are paying the ultimate price. They lack essential clothing and footwear and therefore, this affects their self-confidence. Research suggests there are 41 per cent of children living in poverty as opposed to 23 per cent in two parent families. (Barnardos, 2013). The vast majority of single parents are on a low income; therefore, their
Sometimes they have to work during their lunch break, and it is not uncommon for businessmen to miss some meals altogether. This weakens the body’s ability to resist the affects of stress and the results can be traumatic: heart attacks, digestive disorders, psychological problems, and, in some cases, suicide. Some people feel pressured because their salary is not enough to provide their families with a high standard of living. Life gets more and more expensive and it becomes harder to maintain a desired way of life. Stress is also present in families were the breadwinner has been made unemployed.