The pact was the final cause of war as Hitler could now invade Poland without any interference from Stalin. Britain and France had declared war on Germany as they guaranteed Poland’s independence. However, the policy of appeasement in the 1930’s also played a big role in causing the Second World War. Appeasement had led Hitler to believe that Britain and France were weak. Britain and France gave Germany the Rhineland, the Sudetenland and they were allowed to have an Anschluss with Austria.
Churchill believed that in order to guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia, Europe should have held Germany back and Britain and France should have worked together as an alliance. George F. Kennan, an American Secretary of State during the cold war also disagreed with the Munich Agreement. Kennan thought that Chamberlain and Daladier only agreed with Germany’s proposal only because they didn’t want to participate in war. Chamberlain and Daladier wanted to maintain the peace in Europe. (Document 6) As written in The Origins of the Second World War, by A.J.P.
This made France feel more secure, as it was up to that point they were still afraid that Germany was still capable of attacking French soil. With Germany accepting the terms and adhering to them, the Weimar appeared to be a government that could be trusted by Britain and France. This also allowed France and Germany, who were pitted enemies before this point, to see eye to eye on the politics of Europe, with Stresseman himself quoted to have said, “Briand (French foreign minister) and I have been speaking the new language of Europe; that of peace”. Before Locarno, Franco/German cooperation like this appeared to be impossible to accomplish, but the ‘Locarno Spirit’ brought in a new sense of comradeship between these two powers of Europe. This again was shown by the French evacuation of The Rhineland, which showed that France was confident enough that Germany wouldn’t endanger French land and trusted them enough to share a border with them again after The Great War.
If any of the triple alliance attacks either Russia or France, the other will send aid. Russia and France made this treaty because the triple alliance was too powerful to take them on individually. The whole thing went downhill when Russia not France began mobilizing their troops. When Russia began mobilizing, the Germans Callics of the Austro-Hungarian empire decided to declare war on both Russia and its ally France. Even after the Germans declared war, France did not wish to engage in war.
Taylor wrote a book called “The Struggle for Mastery in Europe”, in this book A.J.P. Taylor claimed that German ambitions were the cause of the war. All of these views have merit; however, while imperialism was one of the causes of World War 1, the Alliance system and militarism in the pre-war period were definitely the major causes of the war. The Marxist historian, Eric Hobsbawn, came up with a theory, the "zero-sum game" theory. This theory was applicable to World War One because it was an "age of total war", therefore the war was "zero-sum game".
Although, America didn’t face the imminent danger, that France and Great Britain felt there still were problems. With the success, of the war and the Central Powers backing out, many citizens of the quarreling nations let out a sigh of relief. Germany was to meet the demands of whatever the Allied Powers construed together. With Wilson going to France and talking about the benefits of the treaty many people were excited and ready to put the plan in motion. “President Woodrow Wilson personally negotiated the treaty following World War I, promoting his vision for a system of collective security enforced by a League of Nations” With the success over seas, one would believe that he would obtain the same success on his home front.
They couldn’t join Austria and couldn’t make allies together, because they were considered as dangerous force together. By these harsh conditions, Britain and France were serving their own interests, France was trying to keep their territories safe, they were keeping Germany weak so it couldn’t invade in France again, during Great War, Germany was dominating sea, but after restrictions Britain was keeping its naval supremacy. Disarmament was the way for France and Britain to weak Germany and humiliate her. Germany had to accept blame for starting the war, this wasn’t mentioned in fourteen points, German people were upset about these decisions, they stayed without defensive forces, Treaty of Versailles didn’t require other countries to make
These mistakes made by Hitler were critical to the Allies winning the war. If they did not happen, the whole of Western Europe might still be under Nazi control; perhaps even the entire world would have succumbed. Even if the killing of Hitler prevented the Second World War, our society would not be able to reap the socio-economic and
In the War of 1812, the Americans were not free to be themselves because the British and French were trying to take their land. If peace and love were taken to mind, the Americans, British, and French maybe could have made an alliance with each other and it wouldn’t have ended in unnecessary death. A world that is full of peace is motivated by unconditional love and abundance or a belief that there IS enough for everybody. A world full of war and violence is motivated by fear and people thinking that there aren’t enough necessities to sustain a happy life and therefore they take from others. The British and the French thought that having more land would mean you are more powerful then everybody else.
The peace treaty did not satisfy France as it was not harsh enough in the eyes of France. After suffered badly from WWI with umpteen casualties, France was determined to cripple Germany completely as a form of revenge as well as an assurance against future German revival. Some provisions of the treaty did meet French demands, such as the return of Alsace-Lorraine from Germany; the German disarmament which set a maximum strength of 100000 soldiers together with the dissolution of the air force and the reduction of navy to 6 batttleships; and a whopping reparation of 132 billion gold marks to be paid over 42 years. These clauses would severely weaken Germany economically and militarily which certainly catered to French aim. However, French felt these punishments were not harsh enough to eliminate the chance of future German revival.