Women In India

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Chapter-4 Position of women The position of women in ancient India has been a very complicated one because of the paradoxical statements in different religious scriptures and sometimes in the same text at different places. Some have described their status as ‘equals to men’, while others have held not only in disrespect but even in positive hatred.This is why it has presented many problems to sociologists while evaluating women’s status in India. The cultural history of India reveals that in India theoretically women enjoyed the status of devi (goddess) as described in many religious texts of Hindus, the majority community in India. Though woman enjoyed the theoretical importance which these texts outline for the wife who was defined ardhangini…show more content…
She did not have any money at her disposal. She had to take permission to spend money from her elders—father, brother or husband or any other male or female elder person in the family.In brief, she had no personality of her own. Some scholars have explained this inferior status of women as a result of patriarchal code of living. The rigid codes of behaviour as outlined for women in Brahmanical texts were also responsible for the low status of women in India. In the following paragraphs we will survey, in brief, the position of women in India from Rigvedic period to modern…show more content…
In Vedic period women lost their political rights of attending assemblies. Child marriages came into existence. AitareyaBrahmana; a daughter has been described as the source of misery. Athravaveda; deplores the birth of daughters. Position of women gradually deteriorated as the Vedic ideals of unity and equality began to fade off through the passage of time. During the period of Smritis; women were bracketed with the Sudras and were denied the right to study the Vedas, to perform Vedic rites or utter Vedic mantra’s. During this Brahamanical literature was particularly severe in the treatment of women and assigned them a very low status in the society. Buddhist texts on the other hand were much more considerate in teaching them. Polygamy; employement of women as place guards, bodyguards to the kings, spied etc. permission of widow remarriage and divorce. Hence the position of women through inferior was not as bad as it came to be in the later ages. Women came to be regarded as a sort of property. She could be give away or towards as any item of

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