WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE ANZUS TREATY IN AUSTRALIA’S RELATIONS WITH THE USA? As World War 2 was brought to an end, devastation and destruction permeated throughout the entire globe. Fears for the future meant that national security was at the forefront of every state’s agenda. Faced with the struggles of the Cold War and the growing Communist powers of the East, the United States and Australia formed the ANZUS treaty of 1951. This treaty aligned Australia alongside the United States as both political and military allies; this bond becoming one of the most significant aspects of Australian military and foreign policy today.
Name Date Class Professors Name TITLE 1. The Cold War era was a period of history marked by political conflict which resulted in military tension and aggression between communism and the western world. Communism was growing and the western world saw this form of government as a threat to the status quo. The two main players were the Soviet Union, the powerhouse of the communist world, and the United States, the most powerful country in the western world. Working through spheres of influence these two ideologies came into direct conflict on many occasions.
New industries, naval, and army bases were being built during the home front. Women played a huge role in this because if they didn’t stay home and take over for the men, they wouldn’t have the money to raise their families. “Only one in nine of the 45,000 women who signed up were selected for duty overseas” (Suite101) so a large percentage of women stayed back home. The National Selective Service controlled the women and men. They would only make the decisions for them “who could join up and who could not, where they could work, and when they could change jobs.” (Thecanadianencyclopedia) It was a tough life, but it was the only way to support their husbands when their off to war.
The Americans and the West felt threatened by the Russian and Communist Revolution because they feared Communism would spread to them. The revolution in Russia had been chaotic, and it taking foot in the USA would have been horrific. Communism had previously been a frightening theory, but now it had become a sudden reality. World War I was still taking place at this time, and it was 1917 that America reluctantly entered the European War. Wartime hysteria was likely to transform into post-war hysteria, which it did, this period becoming known as the Red Scare.
The key reason was fear of communism, especially since the ‘Domino Theory,’ supported the threat of communism reaching Australia. Australia also had a responsibility to help America in the Vietnam War due to the SEATO and ANZUS treaties. Finally, by following the government’s defence policy of ‘Forward Defence,’ Australia needed to be involved in the Vietnam War to contain communism away from Australia’s
Introduction The events of September 11th 2001 have cause a major alteration in the world. After 9/11 many countries throughout the world have increased security in airports and country borders, and increased security in main areas of major cities. The biggest consequence of 9/11 however was the USA’s war on terror. The war on terror was started with the objective of recognizing, finding and destroying terrorists, denying sponsorships to terrorist organizations and defending people all over the world from future terrorist attacks. However, the USA’s war on terror has had a negative effect on many countries in the world as well as their own, and their citizens by creating animosity in the international community, causing a downturn in their own economy and their major allies, and ruining their international reputation.
The conscription in Australia during World War 1 Conscription was one of the main isuues that divided Australia in World War 1. Many were for and against, and some were equal. Conscription was introduced by Prime Minister William Morris Hughes because he wanted to keep up the strength of the Australian army on the Western Front. There were referendum campaigns hold because of the different opinions about the Conscription. Every people have positive or negative feelings about the war.
Battle of the Coral Sea & Midway The battle of the Coral Sea was fought in mid-1942. As the Japanese controlled a larger area of the sea than did the Allied forces, they decided to plan several attacks on U.S. ships. This time however, the U.S. was able to decipher codes sent through Japanese communication methods and was able to react a lot faster than Pearl Harbor. While the Japanese were eventually successful in sinking one and severely damaging another U.S. ship, it proved costly to them as the U.S. sunk one of their aircraft carriers and severely damaged another. Losses were worse for the U.S. but it proved to be costly for the Japanese as the U.S. fleet could recover and they could not.
Nursing was a popular occupation for many women during the Civil War. At least 3,000 women held apid nursing postions in the North and South, and thousands of others worked as volunteers. "The war is certainly ours as well as men's" said Kate Cummings, of Mobile, Alabama, who became the matron of a large Confederate hospital. Authorities were wary of putting young girls in intimate contact with bedridden soldiers. Dorothea Dix, when she became superintendent of Union nurses, set a minimum age of thirty for her volunteers and demanded that they be "plain looking women" As the war went on and theneed for medical assistance became more desperate, Dix ignored her own regulations.
In 1950 Australia was involved in the Vietnam War, as there was alliance with the Americans and involvement with Seato and Anzus. Australia believed it was there call to send troops to Vietnam due to alliance with American as they feared of the spreading of communism. The Vietnam War was broadcasted all over the world, for the first time people were viewing what was really involved in the War, this affected peoples mind with conscription, this left a big controversy with many people were both for and against. This lead to a protest called the moratoriums protest; this was the biggest division in society. When the first World Wat occurred in 1914, conscription was brought to discuss either young men would have to be forced to be involved