With Reference to Specific Historians, Examine the Debate Among Historians on the Cause for the Ending of Slavery in the Caribbean in the Nineteenth Century Essay

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Slavery in the Caribbean is well known for its contributions to the economic development of the region. The abolition of this profitable institution in the nineteenth century have influenced the rise of varied standpoints among historians who thrive to establish the reason behind why it ended. The input of Eric Williams, Lewell Ragatz, William Cunningham, Seymour Drescher, Roger Anstey, and other historians through their work contribute to the discussion on this issue. By giving reference to these historians, this research seeks to observe the arguments put forward on the cause of the abolition of slavery in the Caribbean in the nineteenth century. Economic significance as opposed to social and vice versa forms the framework that surrounds the controversy among historians. It is the belief of some historians who studies the background of slavery that the Caribbean economy had experienced much decline and is the cause of the abolition in the nineteenth century. Eric Williams a famous writer of this discipline was one such individual. He pointed out in his text Capitalism and Slavery of 1944 that the reason for the abolition was a decline in the British West Indian economy. Owing to the fact that Williams had placed much focus on an aspect scholars did not make note of in the field as was raised by Pitman in his writing, he received many criticisms from other writers. It was highlighted by William Darity, however; after his examination of Eric Williams’ thesis in Capitalism and Slavery that “some British economic historians writing before Williams were struck equally by the ironies of British abolition [and as such] Williams could have turned to some British scholars to make his case.” Although there was the existence of many critics regarding his thesis, Williams maintained his view that economic decline was the cause following the abolition. The view enforced by

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