With Reference to Examples, Evaluate the Success or Otherwise of Urban Regeneration Schemes in Combating the Causes and Consequences of Urban Decline. Essay

1450 WordsFeb 23, 20146 Pages
With reference to examples, evaluate the success or otherwise of urban regeneration schemes in combating the causes and consequences of urban decline. the need for urban regeneration is present as soon as an area starts to enter the "downward spiral" of deprivation. This is the theory that there is a knock on effect which leads to the decline of an inner city area. Urban regeneration, theoretically, can be tackled by starting with any point on the downward spiral, and setting about on reversing the loop so the chain reaction is a positive one. Although urban regeneration is a worldwide issue, it has been especially present in the urban areas throughout the UK in the last 30 years, with the government introducing many different schemes to try and combat the causes and consequences of urban decline. This essay will discuss them and their varying degrees of success. Urban Development Corporations were set up in the 1980s and 1990s, and took the stance of improving the physical, economic and social state of inner city areas through building new infrastructure on derelict and vacant land. These UDCs were given planning approval powers that encouraged them to purchase land, build the new infrastructure and improve the marketing to attract outside investment to the area. The motive behind this was that private investment would be four to five times greater than the initial public spending. In 1981, there were two UDCs established, which rose such that by 1993, 40% of all urban regeneration expenditure in the UK was going towards these schemes. An example of one of these property led regeneration schemes was the Central Manchester Development Corporation, where a partnership between the local authority and private investors aimed to regenerate 200 hectares of land and buildings in the southern sector of Manchester city centre. This area contained derelict warehouses,
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