J.J. GRANDVILLE AND THE CHARGED IMAGE IN A TIME OF CENSORSHIP Jean-Ignace-Isidore Gérard, better known as J.J. Grandville, was one of the precursors behind the period of great innovation for French illustrated books that was the 1830s and 1840s. He was born in Nancy, France on September 15, 1803 into a family involved with theatre and art. His father was a miniature painter, and imparted his craft to his talented offspring. His maternal grandparents had been actors at the court of Lorraine, and he later adopted their stage name of Grandville. The artist Maison, on a trip to Nancy, saw Grandville’s work and encouraged him to try his luck in Paris.
AP Euro The French Revolution, began with a hopeful future that the lower class inhabitants would, become equal with the nobility and be properly represented in government. Napoleon Bonapart,a native of Ajaccio, Corsica - which became part of France a year before Napoleon was born- became a military genius and eventually the emperor of France. Napoleon, being a military genius, used his expertise to dominate Europe and improved France. According to some historians, Napoleon was a modern paradigm for dictators of the twentieth century. During Napoleon's time, he was a considered an Enlightened leader who led the French towards progression, prior to failing later in his career.
And guess what, Napoleon was one of them! Lucky for Napoleon, one died and the other disappeared, so Napoleon was the only one left. The people voted him The First Consul. Unlike Robspierre, he was elected into power, and like Robspierre, he took advantage of his power. In 1804,, Napoleon elected himself emperor of France and again France was under the rule of a dictator.
Points: _______/5 Document 3: This excerpt is adapted from Travels in France by Arthur Young, who traveled through France from 1787-1789. 3A. Identify three issues/problems in France from 1787-1789. Circle one: ▪ This is a cause of the revolution ▪ This is an effect of the revolution ▪ This shows how the revolution did or didn’t resolve the problems that caused it. Points: _______/5 Document 4: [pic] Cobb & Jones (1988) Voices of the French Revolution p. 39 4A.
8/29/2012 Napoleon and Josephine- Untrustworthy “A thousand kisses.” This is how every one of Napoleon’s famous letters to Josephine ends. Though very romantic at first, the relationship between Napoleon and Josephine quickly became filled of untruth and suspicions. When Josephine and Napoleon first got married, they were submerged in the romance, but sadly enough, Napoleon had to leave for Italy, as he was a Commander in the French army. They constantly wrote letters back and forth, all with deep romance woven into the words. In April, 1796, Napoleon writes; “Your letters are the joy of my day” (Napoleon Boneparte).
Then when Henry the II took rule the land expanded and England ruled over more of France but when Edward the III came to the throne he lost control of most of the French land. In 1328 when the French king Charles IV died with no male heir to the throne it sparked interest in Edward who believed he was the rightful heir to the throne because his mother (Isabella) was Charles sister. Although Charles cousin prince Phillip also thought he had the rightful place to the throne, this caused the first major battle of the hundred year war, The Battle of Crecy. The battle of Crecy took place in 1346 In France near Normandy in Crecy. King Edward III of England fought against King Phillip VI of France’s son the prince of France in the battle for the throne to rule France.
From 1799 to 1815, how far did Napoleon maintain the aims of the French Revolution? The main aims of the French revolution before Napoleon came to power was to promote “Liberty, equality and fraternity” by putting an end to feudal privileges and the absolute rule of the monarchy and the king. Napoleon made many reforms in France which mainly supported the ideas of the revolution. However he also made several steps in securing himself as an absolute ruler of France, going against the ideas of the revolution. In October 1799 Napoleon became first consul of the government and in so being became the most powerful man in France.
Mary's father was anxious for all his children to make good marriages, and many of the other kings and queens of Europe wanted Mary as a wife for one of their sons. She was first betrothed to Charles of Castile, later the Holy Roman Emperor. This betrothal was broken later, and she did not get married until after her brother Henry became king. When Mary was 18 she married King Louis XII of France, who was 52 years old. She was married in Abbeville, France, on 9 October 1514.
Scandinavian Journal of History. Dowd, L. David, (2009). The French Revolution and the Painters’. French Historical Studies. The French Revolution of 1789 was a scramble for social, political, and economic equality between the three Estate Generals.
In 1759 George was in love with Lady Sarah Lennox and was planning to marry her. Then his minister Lord Bute advised him against the decision and he forgot the thought of marrying her. He said the following about the decision “I am born for the happiness or misery of a great nation and consequently must often act contrary to my passions” (Ayling, 54). Then the next year when his grandfather died