Welfare Provision As world war two drew to a close, the government appointed William Beveridge to investigate national insurance policies. This report, “Social insurance and allied services” or the Beveridge Report as its more commonly known was presented to the government in 1942, Beveridges recommendations focused on tackling the “five giant evils on the road to reconstruction”, these evils consisted of want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. Each evil had a possible solution aimed at removing it, want offered a social security system where benefits were paid in return for contributions, disease was to be dealt with by a free National Health service for the entire population, ignorance centred on the expansion of education system,
Politically, the Conservatives learned to accept the welfare state which adapted from the 1942 Beveridge report. The NHS for example was highly favoured by the public and was clear abolishment of the policy would result in an outrage, so ever since its introduction in 1945 by the Attlee government both parties have agreed to keep the welfare state running in the UK. Also among the two parties there was a consensus that industries such as coal and transport needed levels of investment that only the government could provide. Both parties accepted that some nationalised industries, such as gas and electricity produced services that ought to be available to everyone wherever they lived which meant that there needed to be planned and managed interests of the community rather than run purely for the profit of shareholders. Indeed, it was the Conservative-dominated governments of the inter-war years that had begun this process by extending government control over, and investment in, the coal industry, civil aviation, telecommunications, and transport in London.
Vaccination programs have been successful in preventing the spread and occurrence of once common infectious diseases such as smallpox, diphtheria and polio. The smallpox vaccination program was especially successful with smallpox now declared completely eradicated. The Pan American Health Organisation’s effort to eradicate smallpox in 1950 was successful with smallpox being eliminated from all American countries except some South American countries. In 1967, the World Health Organisation assisted the movement to eradicate smallpox by contributing to the effort. In eradicating smallpox, strategies such as ring vaccination and herd immunity were implemented, preventing each outbreak from spreading.
3.) Analyze the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policies were discussed or implemented.4.) And also criticize each policy for its efficiency of the time. Historical Perspective of President Bill Clinton Health Security Art. While running for president in 1992, Bill Clinton campaign largely with his platform for a reform in the United Stated health sector.
Question: Do you agree with the view that the NHS was the most important domestic reform passed my Clement Attlee’s Labour government of 1945-50? Use sources 4, 5 and 6 and your own knowledge. During the time Labour were in power, from 1945-50, several vital reforms had been passed by Clement Attlee, Labour’s leader. The reforms were desperately needed due to the consequences of a stricken Britain after the Second World War. Britain urgently needed to be revived both economically and socially, and that is what the people demanded.
How have political trends shaped the NHS since the ‘Appointed Day’ in 1948? The NHS has been a central feature that has dominated health policy in the UK since its foundation in 1948. Successive governments have attempted to reform the way the NHS operates with major structural reorganisations initiated in 1974, 1982, 1990, 1997 and 2002. (Denny & Earle 2005). WW2 revealed the need for a full-scale state health service.
History: Welfare, Reform and World War 1 Did World War I kill the progressive movement? Or was the crusade to make the world safe for democracy absorb the reforming zeal of the progressive era? It was believed that reform was stopped in its tracks by the start of World War I. “It is now shown the relationship between social reform and World War I is more complex that what earlier historians thought.” (Page 516) How the war brought the progressive era to a slow declining halt. The author Allen F. Davis reinforced my perception of the topic of the progressive movement and how the entry into the war didn’t totally end the movement.
The Little Rock crisis had another outcome as well. While it assured Governor Faubus’s reputation in history as an uncompromising racist, it also spurred him to action in other areas of education policy. As historian Elizabeth Shores has noted, Faubus was much more progressive in related areas of educational reform. For example, in the mid-1950s, he pushed hard to expand opportunities for mentally, physically, and emotionally handicapped children in Arkansas, and his deputy, David Ray, later went to Washington, D.C., where he played an important role in shaping federal policy around this issue. 16 As Shores explains, Faubus supported government aid to the handicapped in part to show the world that his state was not totally backward in the realm of education.
1) Why analyze the Evolution of the American welfare state? We have to analyze how americans have responded to different social problems that include homelessness, poverty, malnutrition, mental and physical illness, disrupted families, orphaned or abused children, violence and discrimination. After analyzing the evolution, it allows changes to be made. 2) The gradual evolution of the American welfare State - 17-18th centuries: American colonists brought from Europe a cultural inheritance that influenced the early development of the American welfare policy. ( Protestant reformation and enlightenment) - First half of 19th century: the social welfare institutions were consonant with the realities of an agricultural, dispersed and entrepreneurial
Is it better to privatize or nationalize the NHS in general? In this essay I will explore the issues that surrounded the potential arrival of the NHS in 1943 along with the issues of the previous system and analyse and dissect them. I will also analyse the issues that hover over the NHS today and weather the private or national system is better or worse in certain aspects. In 1943 perhaps the most important issue is weather the medical services should adopt the method of a full time salary service with the doctor acting as a civil servant whilst being employed under the state or should we continue with the existing method of the doctor being employed by the patient. At the time (1943) the majority of doctors believed that the medical services were inadequate and badly co ordinated (this was a reality and had no bearing on the doctors opinions on weather to privatize or nationalise the NHS).