Wiccan's Essay

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------------------------------------------------- Wiccan Wicca is a modern pagan, witchcraft religion. It was developed in England during the first half of the 20th century and was introduced to the public in 1954 by Gerald Gardner, a retired British civil servant. It draws upon a diverse set of ancient pagan and 20th century hermetic motifs for its theological structure and ritual practice. The word witch was obtained from Middle English wicche, Wicca is a diverse religion with no central authority or figure defining it. It is divided into various lineages and denominations, referred to as traditions, each with its own organizational structure and level of centralization. Wicca is typically duo theistic, worshipping a god and goddess traditionally viewed as a mother goddess and horned god. These two deities are sometimes viewed as aspects of a greater pantheistic godhead. However, beliefs range from hard polytheism to even monotheism. Wicca often involves the ritual practice of magic, though it is not always necessary. ------------------------------------------------- Terminology The term Wicca first achieved widespread acceptance when referring to the religion in the 1960s and 70s. Prior to that, the term Witchcraft had been more widely used. Whilst being based upon the Old English word wicca, a masculine term for sorcerers, the actual individual who came up with the term Wicca is unknown, though it has been speculated that it was Charles Cardell, who certainly used the term Wiccen during the 1950s. The application of the word Wicca has given rise to "a great deal of disagreement and fighting". Others do not use the word Wicca at all, instead preferring to be referred to only as Witchcraft, while others believe that all modern witchcraft traditions can be considered Wiccan. Popular culture, as seen in television programs such as Buffy the Vampire Slayer,

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