Wic Childhood Obesity

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Childhood Obesity in Minorities and the Efficacy of WIC Childhood Obesity in the United States is an escalating problem, especially amongst minorities in the underclass of American society. There are many factors which influence this epidemic, such as diet, exercise, and access to healthy foods which are all directly correlated to the socioeconomic status of minority children. Texas WIC (Women, Infants and Children) is a nutritional program that assists pregnant women, new mothers and young children by helping them eat well to stay healthy. WIC is designed to provide nutritional education, counseling and nutritious foods to low-income women, infants and children (Texas WIC 2010). While WIC has been, overall, considered effective by research,…show more content…
And it is not surprising that childhood obesity is a good indicator for the likelihood of obesity into adulthood. What is surprising, however, as Galvez (2003) points out, is that "studies on obesity consistently report a higher prevalence of obesity in African Americans and Mexican Americans compared with the white, non-Hispanic population" (p. A684). The etiology of childhood overweight is multifaceted, but is seemingly always tied to socioeconomic factors. Poor nutritional choices and a sedentary lifestyle cause obesity, but it is societal stressors that lead to these inadequate choices. Such stressors include increased exposure to television advertisements for unhealthy foods, unsafe neighborhoods which inhibit outdoor play and exercise, and limited availability of healthy, fresh foods in low socioeconomic residential areas (Galvez 2003). These are just a few of the factors that contribute to obesity in minorities, which cause concern for the overall health of minority youth. Obesity-related health problems reported by Kumanyika and Grier (2006) which can be "seen in children include precursors of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and sleep disordered breathing. Ethnic minority and low-income children appear to be more likely to experience some of the obesity-related health problems" (p. 191). In effect, the largest threat to the overall health of American minority groups…show more content…
The most effective way by which to reduce the rate of childhood obesity in the United States is to provide more readily available nutritional/physical education to members of society. Policy change to direct more funding to educational programs could prove to be effective, especially if these classes are tailored to specific diet and exercise routines for obese children, and are even made available to parents and children who do not quite meet the requirements for WIC admission. If the educational resources offered in WIC counseling sessions were expanded to include exercise techniques that children can do at home, then perhaps the educational aspect of WIC programs could wield more

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