Many of them do not want a union with the Republic of Ireland, a Catholic country. They fear a Catholic government may not be tolerant of their Protestant beliefs. Surveys in 1991, 1993 and 2004 have shown that majority of the Protestants want to remain part of the United Kingdom while majority of the Catholics want to reunify with the rest of Ireland. The Protestants were insensitive to the Catholics’ feelings in many instances such as the celebration of the Battle of Boyne which the Catholics’ lost as a mark of Protestant dominance over the Catholics. Their sense of loyalty to different countries meant that there is no common identity and so they are intolerant of each other.
The new state did not satisfy the lower classes in Italy, it accommodated for societies elite, but repressed the masses. This made it difficult for any party to get votes because there were two sectors of society who wanted totally different things, The north/south divide meant that no party could satisfy everybody in Italy and win over the majority of the nation creating a gateway for the emergence of Fascism. Furthermore, the vast majority of the Italian population were Roman Catholics and followed the Pope. The papacy was opposed to the Liberal state which had eroded the Papal States until the Vatican City was all that was left. In 1874, Pope Pius IX openly encouraged Italian Catholics not to vote in the election of that year.
This was seen as very bad news for the Catholics. Since the RUC always stuck with its traditional pro-unionist role, the police force was feared and hated by the Catholic people. This of course, angered many Catholics as they felt that they could not rely on such a corrupt service that basically hated them, but despite this, was supposed to be there to protect them. During the 1960’s, Catholic employment tended towards the lower end of the job market and they were employed mainly in unskilled and lower paying jobs such as, factory workers and clothing manufacturers. Of course, the Protestants on the other hand had relatively higher paying jobs for example, engineering and shipbuilding.
learning to read and write in Latin and his native German. This was before the widespread availability of books, therefore peasants could not actually read the Bible, so the clergy were their only source of Scripture. Luther saw firsthand the corruption of the Church, and came to believe it was his restlessly duty to protest. Luther was prosecuted for his stance, however he famously used Scripture to defend himself, and this started the revolution now known as the Reformation. As the ideas spread, peasants began to see for themselves just how corrupt the Church was, and how they were being oppressed from their own religion.
Martin Luther, a German monk was born during a time of corruption within the Catholic Church. The Church had upmost power and was highly influential on the adherents. The issues of indulgences, simony and nepotism were becoming major issues and they were pulling the church further away from the true teachings and practices displayed by Jesus. Luther objected to these issues and his protests intensified when a Dominican monk named John Tetzel who quoted “When the money clangs in the box, the souls spring up to heaven”. The Black Death also led to a lack of Christian teachings with uneducated priests and clergy.
The new government was the body that signed the treaty of Versailles, and to many it was a betrayal and most Germans referred to it as the ‘stab in the back theory’. The consequences of Versailles, such as reparations and land loss, were severe to Germany. Many people were looking for someone to blame and the government was the perfect choice. Communists and the right wing saw an opportunity to create a state that they wanted and were prepared to challenge the new republic. Many richer Germans had lived well under the Kaiser and distrusted the new government.
],” of this world, and its worldly possessions (“Vow of Poverty”). Of course, like all other human beings, the people of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages had imperfection, and as a result, some choose to ignore the vow of poverty and not follow it. This is clearly seen through the characters in The Canterbury Tales who were involved with the Church and how the practice of this vow was weak within them. One can learn that the breaking
The Kapp Putsch reinforced the view that the Republic relied heavily on unreliable forces to maintain a sense of order. Arguably, the right posed a greater threat to the Weimar Republic than did the extreme left because it had the support of most of Germany's establishment such as the military and much of the press. However the extremist right, were not trusted within the Reichstag as they opposed
Not only did the people of Germany feel betrayed by a man of their own country but consequently, had no faith in the new democratic system. The ‘November Criminals’ including Matthias Erzberger, Phillipp Scheidemann and Friedrich Ebert were regarded as unnationalistic. The reaction of the German people was further intensified by the signing of the Versailles Treaty in June 1919. Historian Richard Hunt argues that ‘it was the shame of weakness that seized Germany’s national psychology and served as a solvent of the Weimar democracy’. Whether compliant with this view or not, the fact was that the German population was not backing the leaders of this new constitution, which was damaging to its effectiveness.
How far were Louis XVI's problems of his own making? The problems Louis XVI faced during his reign were partially due to his lack of leadership ability, his poor decisions and unwise actions. He created these problems by giving too much power to his nobles and hardly utilizing his power in his Divine Right. However, he did inherit an archaic system which was on the verge of collapse in Europe in general and the government of France had many inbuilt weaknesses already. He was faced with a tidal wave of new, enlightened ideas that was also fueled by France's involvement in the American war of independence.